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» (من شهد له خزيمة فهو حسبه). وهنا يقول الحق سبحانه وتعالى: {الر كِتَابٌ أُحْكِمَتْ آيَاتُهُ} [هود: 1].
الإثنين نوفمبر 28, 2016 7:52 pm من طرف abubaker

» (مَنْ شهد له خزيمة فحَسْبه). قال: يا رسول الله أَأُصدِّقُك في خبر السماء، وأُكذِّبك في عِدّة دراهم؟ --- وقوله تعالى: {أَن يَرْحَمَكُمْ..} [الإسراء: 8].
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» إزالة الظل الأزرق الذي يظهر تحت أيقونات سطح المكتب
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» لأن الاسم إذا أُطلِق عَلَماً على الغير انحلَّ عن معناه الأصلي ولزم العَلَمية فقط، لكن أسماء الله بقيتْ على معناها الأصلي حتى بعد أنْ أصبحتْ عَلَماً على الله تعالى، فهي إذن أسماء حُسْنى.
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»  إننا نجد أن بعضا من أسماء الله سبحانه وتعالى له مقابل، ومن أسماء الله الحسنى ما لا تجد له مقابلا. فإذا قيل “المحيي” تجد “المميت” لكن الصفة إن لم يوجد لها مقابل نسميها صفة ذات، فهو “حي” ولا نأتي بالمقابل
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» تابع / إننا نجد أن بعضا من أسماء الله سبحانه وتعالى له مقابل، ومن أسماء الله الحسنى ما لا تجد له مقابلا. فإذا قيل “المحيي” تجد “المميت” لكن الصفة إن لم يوجد لها مقابل نسميها صفة ذات، فهو “حي” ولا نأتي بالمقابل
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»  فالاسم هو العَلَم الذي وُضِع للدلالة على هذا اللفظ. / الذكْر: له معانٍ متعددة، فالذكْر هو الإخبار بشيء / والرحمة: هي تجليّات الراحم على المرحوم بما يُديم له صلاحه لمهمته - من سورة مريم
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»  فالاسم هو العَلَم الذي وُضِع للدلالة على هذا اللفظ. / {كهيعص(1)}
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مُساهمةموضوع: 31- 52    الثلاثاء سبتمبر 13, 2016 4:27 am


31 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال : مر النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم على امرأة تبكي عند قبر فقال : [ اتقي الله واصبري ] فقالت : إليك عني فإنك لم تصب بمصيبتي . ولم تعرفه فقيل لها إنه النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم . فأتت باب النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فلم تجد عنده بوابين فقال : لم أعرفك فقال : [ إنما الصبر عند الصدمة الأولى ] متفق عليه
وفي رواية لمسلم : [ تبكي على صبي لها ] .
31. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) passed by a woman who was crying over a grave and said, "Fear Allah and be patient.'' She said, "Away from me! My calamity has not befallen you and you are not aware of it.'' The woman was later told that it was the Prophet (PBUH) (who had advised her). She came to his door where she found no doorkeeper. She said, "(I am sorry) I did not know you.'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Patience is (becoming) only at the first (stroke) of grief".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Another narration in Muslim says: The woman was crying over her son.
Commentary: This Hadith indicates the excellence of the Prophet's character. The woman whom he advised to have patience did not behave properly, but the Prophet (PBUH) was neither annoyed nor did he reproach her. When she appeared before him for the second time, he again repeated his advice for patience. This Hadith has a great lesson for those who call people to the Right Path. Our scholars and preachers should follow this excellent example.

32 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ يقول الله تعالى : ما لعبدي المؤمن عندي جزاء إذا قبضت صفيه من أهل الدنيا ثم احتسبه إلا الجنة ] رواه البخاري.
32. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah, the Exalted, says: 'I have no reward other than Jannah for a believing slave of Mine who remains patient for My sake when I take away his beloved one from among the inhabitants of the world".
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: Child, wife and parents, etc., are the dearest people to everyone. It is a great sign of Faith to accept their death as the Will of Allah, to bear their loss with patience. Wailing and saying nonsense things show weakness of Faith. The reward of patience on such tragedies is Jannah while the result of impatience is displeasure of Allah.

33 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها أنها سألت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم عن الطاعون ؟ فأخبرها أنه كان عذابا يبعثه الله تعالى على من يشاء فجعله الله تعالى رحمة للمؤمنين فليس من عبد يقع في الطاعون فيمكث في بلده صابرا محتسبا يعلم أنه لا يصيبه إلا ما كتب الله له إلا كان له مثل أجر الشهيد ] رواه البخاري .
33. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I asked the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about pestilence and he said, "It is a punishment which Allah sends upon whomsoever He wills, but Allah has made it as a mercy to the believers. Anyone who remains in a town which is plagued with pestilence maintaining patience expecting the reward from Allah, and knowing that nothing will befall him other than what Allah has foreordained for him, he would receive a reward of Shaheed".
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: To endure patiently in a city where one resides when it is affected by plague or such other epidemics, and not to flee from it, elevates a Muslim to the level of Shahadah in the way of Allah, as is the case in certain other circumstances, like death by drowning or in maternity, etc. This order is based on the consideration that the epidemic should not spread to other cities. On the other hand, residents of other cities are ordered to refrain from visiting the affected city. The Hadith clearly shows that it does not go against faith in Allah to take steps necessary for prevention and cure. Similarly, patience in the event of sickness is a proof of one's perfect faith in the Will of Allah.

34 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول : [ إن الله عز و جل قال : إذا ابتليت عبدي بحبيبتيه فصبر عوضته منهما الجنة ] يريد عينيه . رواه البخاري .34. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, "Allah, the Glorious and Exalted said: `When I afflict my slave in his two dear things (i.e., his eyes), and he endures patiently, I shall compensate him for them with Jannah.".
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: Blindness is the greatest deprivation in the world and Allah grants its reward according to His Pleasure. For this reason patience in this case is highly meritorious. Its reward is Jannah provided the blind is enormously rich in Faith.

35 - وعن عطاء بن أبي رباح قال قال لي ابن عباس رضي الله عنه : ألا أريك امرأة من أهل الجنة ؟ فقلت : بلى . قال : هذه المرأة السوداء أتت النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فقالت : إني أصرع وإني أتكشف فادع الله تعالى لي . قال : [ إن شئت صبرت ولك الجنة وإن شئت دعوت الله تعالى أن يعافيك ] فقالت : أصبر فقالت : إني أتكشف فادع الله أن لا أتكشف فدعا لها . متفق عليه.
35. `Ata' bin Abu Rabah reported: Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) asked him whether he would like that he should show him a woman who is from the people Jannah. When he replied that he certainly would, he said, "This black woman, who came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said, `I suffer from epilepsy and during fits my body is exposed, so make supplication to Allah for me.' He (PBUH) replied: 'If you wish you endure it patiently and you be rewarded with Jannah, or if you wish, I shall make supplication to Allah to cure you?' She said, 'I shall endure it.' Then she added: `But my body is exposed, so pray to Allah that it may not happen.' He (Prophet (PBUH)) then supplicated for her".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: While continuing medical treatment, one should not ignore his prayer to Allah because both have importance and utility of their own.

36 - وعن أبي عبد الرحمن عبد الله بن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال : كأني أنظر إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يحكي نبيا من الأنبياء صلوات الله وسلامه عليهم ضربه قومه فأدموه وهو يمسح الدم عن وجهه ويقول : [ اللهم اغفر لقومي فإنهم لا يعلمون ] متفق عليه.
. `36- Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I can still recall as if I am seeing the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) resembling one of the Prophets whose people scourged him and shed his blood, while he wiped blood from his face, he said: "O Allah! Forgive my people, because they certainly do not know".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: It mentions the refined character and compassion of the Prophets which has an important lesson for those who preach righteousness. They should be always prepared to face hardships involved in inviting people to the right path and, instead of retaliation, forgive their audience and pray for their guidance. These noble qualities are extremely important for those who are devoted to preach religion.

37 - وعن أبي سعيد وأبي هريرة رضي الله عنهما عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ ما يصيب المسلم من نصب ولا وصب ولا هم ولا حزن ولا أذى ولا غم حتى الشوكة يشاكها إلا كفر الله بها من خطاياه ] متفق عليه
و [ الوصب ] : المرض.
37. 37- Abu Sa`id and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said: "Never a believer is stricken with a discomfort, an illness, an anxiety, a grief or mental worry or even the pricking of a thorn but Allah will expiate his sins on account of his patience".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith mentions the special Grace and Mercy of Allah for the Muslims. It relates how Allah turns the hardships and troubles suffered by a Muslim into a means of expiation for his sins. But this is only possible if the believer exercises patience. However, if he starts wailing instead of showing patience then beside suffering hardships, he would be deprived of the reward which lies in bearing them patiently. Thus, he shall have to take the burden of additional sins also.

38 - وعن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال دخلت على النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم وهو يوعك فقلت : يا رسول الله إنك توعك وعكا شديدا . قال : [ أجل إني أوعك كما يوعك رجلان منكم ] قلت : ذلك أن لك أجرين . قال : [ أجل ذلك كذلك ما من مسلم يصيبه أذى : شوكة فما فوقها إلا كفر الله بها سيئاته وحطت عنه ذنوبه كما تحط الشجرة ورقها ] متفق عليه
و [ الوعك ] : مغث الحمى . وقيل : الحمى.
. 38- Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I visited the Prophet (PBUH) when he was suffering fever. I said, "You seem to be suffering greatly, O Messenger of Allah.'' The Prophet (PBUH) replied, "Yes, I suffer as much as two persons.'' I said, "Is that because you have a double reward?'' He replied that that was so and then said, "No Muslim is afflicted by a harm, be it the pricking of a thorn or something more (painful than that), but Allah thereby causes his sins to fall away just as a tree sheds its leaves".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: Prophets have to face more than ordinary troubles and for that reason their reward to bear them is also increased. Thus, the excess of hardships and grief is a sign of perfect Faith and not a sign of Allah's displeasure.

39 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ من يرد الله به خيرا يصب منه ] رواه البخاري
وضبطوا [ يصب ] بفتح الصاد وكسرها.
. 39- Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: "He whom Allah intends good, He makes him to suffer from some affliction".
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: Troubles of this world like grief, calamity, disease, poverty, loss of life and property, etc., have a benign aspect for a Muslim in the sense that on account of them he turns towards Allah and begs mercy and compassion from Him because of which his sins are forgiven. Thus, in these troubles there is a blessing for him in the Hereafter.

40 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ لا يتمنين أحدكم الموت لضر أصابه فإن كان لا بد فاعلا فليقل : اللهم أحيني ما كانت الحياة خيرا لي وتوفني إذا كانت الوفاة خيرا لي ] متفق عليه.
. 40- Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Let not one of you wish for death because of a misfortune which befalls him. If he cannot help doing so, he should say: 'O Allah, keep me alive as long as You know that life is better for me, and make me die when death is better for me".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: Since man has no knowledge of his future, whether it is good or bad, so one should never desire for one's own death in consequence of frustration created by troubles and turmoil for two reasons. Firstly, desire for death is sheer impatience. Secondly, it is quite possible that remaining part of his life may be good for his religious and worldly life. So, it is prohibited to desire death. It is, however, permissible to desire for Shahadah or death in Makkah or Al-Madinah but it is a subject quite different from the one under discussion. However, if one has to express wish for his own death, he should do so in the words quoted in the Hadith concerned.

41 - وعن أبي عبد الله خباب بن الأرت رضي الله عنه قال : شكونا إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم وهو متوسد بردة له في طل الكعبة فقلنا : ألا تستنصر لنا ألا تدعو لنا ؟ فقال : [ قد كان من قبلكم يؤخذ الرجل فيحفر له في الأرض فيجعل فيها ثم يؤتى بالمنشار فيوضع على رأسه فيجعل نصفين ويمشط بأمشاط الحديد ما دون لحمه وعظمه ما يصده ذلك عن دينه والله ليتمن الله هذا الأمر حتى يسير الراكب من صنعاء إلى حضرموت لا يخاف إلا الله والذئب على غنمه ولكنكم تستعجلون ] رواه البخاري
وفي رواية : [ وهو متوسد بردة وقد لقينا من المشركين شدة ].
. 41- Khabbab bin Al-Aratt (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: We complained to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) regarding the persecution inflicted upon us by the disbelievers while he was lying in the shade of the Ka`bah, having made a pillow of his cloak. We submitted: "Why do you not supplicate for our prevalence (over the opponents)?''. He (PBUH) replied, "Among those people before you, a man would be seized and held in a pit dug for him in the ground and he would be sawed into two halves from his head, and his flesh torn away from his bones with an iron comb; but, in spite of this, he would not wean away from his Faith. By Allah, Allah will bring this matter to its consummation until a rider will travel from San`a' to Hadramout fearing none except Allah, and except the wolf for his sheep, but you are in too much of a hurry".
[Al-Bukhari].

Another narration is: He (PBUH) had placed his cloak under his head and we had been tortured by the polytheists.

Commentary:
. 1- Difficulties in the path of Faith do not come in any particular period. People devoted to their Deen have passed through trials and tribulations everywhere and in every age and have emerged purified as does the gold after passing through the furnace. So, it is unbecoming for a Muslim to be disturbed by hardships.

. 2- The glad tidings about domination of religion and peace and security were given in the early period of Islam which were subsequently witnessed by the people. Even now wherever Islam is practised in true sense, peace and security are distinctive features of the system of that country.

42 - وعن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال : لما كان يوم حنين آثر رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ناسا في القسمة : فأعطى الأقرع بن حابس مائة من الإبل وأعطى عيينة بن حصن مثل ذلك وأعطى ناسا من أشراف العرب وآثرهم يومئذ في القسمة . فقال رجل : والله إن هذه قسمة ما عدل فيها وما أريد فيها وجه الله . فقلت : والله لأخبرن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فأتيته فأخبرته بما قال فتغير وجهه حتى كان كالصرف ثم قال : [ فمن يعدل إذا لم يعدل الله ورسوله ؟] ثم قال : [ يرحم الله موسى قد أوذي بأكثر من هذا فصبر ] فقلت : لا جرم لا أرفع إليه بعدها حديثا . متفق عليه
وقوله [ كالصرف ] هو بكسر الصاد المهملة : وهو صبغ أحمر.
. 42- Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: After the battle of Hunain, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) favoured some people in the distribution of spoils (for consolation). He gave Al-Aqra` bin Habis and `Uyainah bin Hisn a hundred camels each and showed favour also to some more honourable persons among the Arabs. Someone said: "This division is not based on justice and it was not intended to win the Pleasure of Allah.'' I said to myself: "By Allah! I will inform Messenger of Allah (PBUH) of this.'' I went to him and informed him. His face became red and he said, "Who will do justice if Allah and His Messenger do not?'' Then he said, "May Allah have mercy on (Prophet) Musa (Moses); he was caused more distress than this but he remained patient.'' Having heard this I said to myself: "I shall never convey anything of this kind to him in future".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith leads to the conclusion that the leader of the people or the calipha has a right, if situation demands, to give to the new Muslims and other influential and respectable people of the society more than others for their satisfaction and encouragement. The man who raised objection on the distribution of booty by the Prophet (PBUH) was a hypocrite. Devout Muslims could never think that the Prophet (PBUH) could be unjust to anyone. This incident also goes to prove that the Prophet (PBUH) also felt as much as others did, the things which infuriated or pleased others, because he was a man and not a superhuman being.

43 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إذا أراد الله بعبده خيرا عجل له العقوبة في الدنيا وإذا أراد الله بعبده الشر أمسك عنه بذنبه حتى يوافى به يوم القيامة ] وقال النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إن عظم الجزاء مع عظم البلاء وإن الله تعالى إذا أحب قوما ابتلاهم فمن رضي فله الرضا ومن سخط فله السخط ] رواه الترمذي وقال حديث حسن.
43. 43- Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "When Allah intends good for His slave, He punishes him in this world, but when He intends an evil for His slave, He does not hasten to take him to task but calls him to account on the Day of Resurrection.''
[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: This Hadith shows that, for a Muslim, trials are also a blessing in this world because his sins are forgiven in proportion to the trials he has to face and his reward is increased with the Will of Allah. Thus, a Muslim should always be patient and contented in the event of trial because without these qualities he will not have the privilege associated with them. In fact, his impatience would increase his sins even further.

44 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال : كان ابن لأبي طلحة رضي الله عنه يشتكي فخرج أبو طلحة فقبض الصبي . فلما رجع أبو طلحة قال : ما فعل ابني ؟ قالت أم سليم وهي أم الصبي : هو أسكن ما كان . فقربت له العشاء فتعشى ثم أصاب منها . فلما فرغ قالت : واروا الصبي . فلما أصبح أبو طلحة أتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فأخبره فقال : [ أعرستم الليلة ؟ ] قال : نعم . قال : [ اللهم بارك لهما ] فولدت غلاما فقال لي أبو طلحة : احمله حتى تأتي به النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم وبعث معه بتمرات . فقال : [ أمعه شيء ؟ ] قال : نعم تمرات . فأخذها النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فمضغها ثم أخذها من فيه فجعلها في في الصبي ثم حنكه وسماه عبد الله . متفق عليه
وفي رواية للبخاري قال ابن عيينة : فقال رجل من الأنصار فرأيت تسعة أولاد كلهم قد قرءوا القرآن ( يعني من أولاد عبد الله المولود )
وفي رواية لمسلم : مات ابن لأبي طلحة من أم سليم فقالت لأهلها : لا تحدثوا أبا طلحة بابنه حتى أكون أنا أحدثه . فجاء فقربت إليه عشاء فأكل وشرب ثم تصنعت له أحسن ما كانت تصنع قبل ذلك فوقع بها فلما أن رأت أنه قد شبع وأصاب منها قالت : يا أبا طلحة أرأيت لو أن قوما أعاروا عاريتهم أهل بيت فطلبوا عاريتهم ألهم أن يمنعوهم ؟ قال : لا . فقالت : فاحتسب ابنك . قال فغضب ثم قال : تركتني حتى إذا تلطخت ثم أخبرتني بابني فانطلق حتى أتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فأخبره بما كان . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ بارك الله في ليلتكما ] قال فحملت . قال وكان رسول الله في سفر وهي معه وكان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إذا أتى المدينة من سفر لا يطرقها طروقا فدنوا من المدينة فضربها المخاض فاحتبس عليها أبو طلحة وانطلق رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم . قال يقول أبو طلحة : إنك لتعلم يا رب أنه يعجبني أن أخرج مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إذا خرج وأدخل معه إذا دخل وقد احتبست بما ترى . تقول أم سليم : يا أبا طلحة ما أجد الذي كنت أجد انطلق . فاطلقنا [ لعله : فانطلقنا ] وضربها المخاض حين قدما فولدت غلاما . فقالت لي أمي : يا أنس لا يرضعه أحد حتى تغدو به على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فلما أصبح احتملته فانطلقت به إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم . وذكر تمام الحديث

. 44- Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: One of the sons of Abu Talhah (May Allah be pleased with him) was ailing. Abu Talhah went out and the boy died in his absence. When he came back, he inquired, "How is the boy?''. Umm Sulaim, the mother of the boy, replied, "Better than before". Then she placed his evening meal before him and he ate it; and thereafter slept with her. At last, she said to him: "Arrange for the burial of the boy". In the morning, Abu Talhah went to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and informed him of the event. He enquired, "Did you sleep together last night?'' Abu Talhah replied in the affirmative, on which the Prophet (PBUH) supplicated, "O Allah bless them.'' Thereafter, she gave birth to a boy. Abu Talhah said to me: "Take up the boy and carry him to the Prophet (PBUH)''; and he sent some dates with him. The Prophet (PBUH) enquired, "Is there anything with him?'' He said; "Yes, some dates". The Prophet (PBUH) took a date, chewed it and put it in the mouth of the baby and rubbed the chewed date around the baby's gum and named him `Abdullah.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

The narration in Bukhari adds: Ibn `Uyainah relates that a man from the Ansar told him that he had seen nine sons of this `Abdullah, every one of whom had committed the Noble Qur'an to memory.

The narration of Muslim says: The son of Abu Talhah (May Allah be pleased with him) who was born of Umm Sulaim died. She (Umm Sulaim) said to the members of the family: "Do not tell Abu Talhah about his son until I mention it to him myself.'' Abu Talhah came (home) and she gave him supper. He ate and drank. She then beautified herself the best way she ever did and he slept with her. When she saw that he was satisfied after sexual intercourse with her, she said, "O Abu Talhah! If some people borrow something from another family and then (the members of the family) ask for its return, would they refuse to give it back to them.'' He said, "No". She said, "Then hope reward for your son". Abu Talhah got angry, and said; "You left me uninformed until I stained myself (with sexual intercourse) and then you told me about my son. "He went to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and informed him about the matter. Thereupon Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "May Allah bless the night you spent together!'' He (the narrator) said: She conceived. (One day) Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was in the course of a journey and she was along with him. When Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to come back to Al-Madinah from a journey, he would not enter it (during the night). When the people came near Al-Madinah, she felt labour pains. He (Abu Talhah) remained with her and Messenger of Allah (PBUH) proceeded on. Abu Talhah said: "O Rubb, You know that I love to go along with Messenger of Allah (PBUH) when he goes out and enter along with him when he enters, and I have been detained as You see.'' Umm Sulaim then said: "O Abu Talhah, I do not feel (so much pain) as I was feeling earlier, so we better proceed on. So we proceeded on and she felt the labour of delivery as they reached (Al-Madinah). She gave birth to a male child. My mother said to me: "O Anas, none should suckle him until you go to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) tomorrow morning.'' The next morning I carried the baby with me to Messenger of Allah (PBUH), and narrated the rest of the story.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith has many lessons for our social life. For instance:
1. The character of a woman of great patience and gratitude is mentioned here. In spite of the death of her child she neither wept and cried nor did she moan and mourn. She was patient to the extent that when her husband came home she looked after all his needs like a loving and obedient wife does and then broke the sad news of the death of their child in a noble manner. Thus, this Hadith holds the lesson that it is the foremost duty of a wife that she should serve her husband well and provide comfort and peace of mind to him.

2. It is meritorious for a wife to beautify herself at home for her husband.

3. One who in his trouble is contented with the Will of Allah, certainly gets a reward for it from Him.

4. Women can also take part with men in Jihad and within the prescribed limits render to Mujahidun (warriors in the cause of religion) the services such as dressing of the wounded, welfare of the patients, supply of food, etc.

45 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ ليس الشديد بالصرعة إنما الشديد الذي يملك نفسه عند الغضب ] متفق عليه
و [ الصرعة ] بضم الصاد وفتح الراء وأصله عند العرب : من يصرع الناس كثيرا.
45. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The strong man is not one who is good at wrestling, but the strong man is one who controls himself in a fit of rage.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith instructs oneself to keep in control in order to overcome his rage.

46 - وعن سليمان بن صرد رضي الله عنه قال : كنت جالسا مع النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم ورجلان يستبان وأحدهما قد احمر وجهه وانتفخت أوداجه فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إني لأعلم كلمة لو قالها لذهب عنه ما يجد لو قال أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم ذهب عنه ما يجد ] فقالوا له إن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال تعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم . متفق عليه.
. 46- Sulaiman bin Surad (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I was sitting with the Prophet (PBUH) when two men began to quarrel and curse each other and the face of one of them turned red and the veins of his neck were swollen (from rage). Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "I know of a word, if he were to utter that, his rage would vanish and that is: A`udhu billahi minash-Shaitan nir-rajim (I seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the accursed).'' So they (Companions) said to him: "The Prophet (PBUH) tells you to utter: 'I seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the accursed".
[Al-Bukhariand Muslim].

Commentary: In the event of rage if a person becomes conscious that what he is feeling is a suggestion from Satan, he should prevent himself from it; this consciousness is the best remedy to overcome the rage. Those who are easily infuriated could make use of this prescription.

47 - وعن معاذ بن جبل رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ من كظم غيظا وهو قادر على أن ينفذه دعاه الله سبحانه على رؤوس الخلائق يوم القيامة حتى يخيره من الحور العين ما شاء ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن.
. 47- Mu`adh bin Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The one who suppresses anger and has the power to give effect to it, will be called out by Allah, the Exalted, to the forefront of the creatures on the Day of Resurrection and he will be asked to choose any of the virgins (Hur) of his liking".
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: The word `Hur' is the plural of `Haura', an extremely beautiful woman of fair complexion. The word "Ein" is the plural of "Aina", woman with large eyes. Both the words stand for the most beautiful women who will be awarded to Muslims in Jannah. This Hadith mentions the distinction and reward of self-control of a man who, in spite of being powerful and having the means to avenge, suppresses his rage and does not exercise his power.

48 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رجلا قال للنبي صلى الله عليه و سلم أوصني . قال :
[ لا تغضب ] فردد مرارا قال : [ لا تغضب ] رواه البخاري.
. 48- Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man asked the Prophet (PBUH) for an advice and he (PBUH) said, "Do not get angry". The man repeated that several times and he replied, "Do not get angry".
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary:
. 1- Rage which is declared objectionable is the one which concerns worldly affairs but that which is for Allah and His religion, that is to say, which occurs on the violation of the Injunctions of Allah, is meritorious and essential.

. 2- Anyone who gets furious quickly should be advised again and again to control his anger so that he becomes conscious of this weakness and tries to overcome it.

. 3- Rage is a means of fulfillment of satanic aims; so it is a great evil and people are advised to make every effort to prevent themselves from this satanic device.

49 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ ما يزال البلاء بالمؤمن والمؤمنة في نفسه وولده وماله حتى يلقى الله تعالى وما عليه خطيئة ] رواه الترمذي وقال حديث حسن صحيح.
. 49- Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "A Muslim, male or female, continues to remain under trial in respect of his life, property and offspring until he faces Allah, the Exalted, with no sin record".  
[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: We come to know from this Hadith that Muslims are special targets of trials, but a redeeming feature of these trials is that Muslims' sins are pardoned through them provided they remain firm in their Faith and patience.

50 - وعن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال : قدم عيينة بن حصن فنزل على ابن أخيه الحر بن قيس وكان من النفر الذين يدنيهم عمر رضي الله عنه وكان القراء أصحاب مجلس عمر رضي الله عنه ومشاورته كهولا كانوا أو شبانا . فقال عيينه لابن أخيه : يا ابن أخي لك وجه عند هذا الأمير فاستأذن لي عليه . فاستأذن فأذن له عمر . فلما دخل قال : هي يا ابن الخطاب فوالله ما تعطينا الجزل ولا تحكم فينا بالعدل . فغضب عمر رضي الله عنه حتى هم أن يوقع به . فقال له الحر : يا أمير المؤمنين إن الله تعالى قال لنبيه صلى الله عليه و سلم ( الأعراف 198 ) : { خذ العفو وأمر بالعرف وأعرض عن الجاهلين } وإن هذا من الجاهلين . والله ما جاوزها عمر حين تلاها وكان وقافا عند كتاب الله تعالى . رواه البخاري.
50- Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: 'Uyainah bin Hisn came to Al-Madinah and stayed with his nephew Hurr bin Qais who was among those whom Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) showed favour to. The knowledgeable people (Qurra'), whether they were old or young, had the privilege of joining Umar's council and he used to consult them. 'Uyainah said to Hurr: "My nephew, the Leader of the Believers shows favour to you. Will you obtain permission for me to sit with him?'' Hurr asked `Umar and he accorded permission. When `Uyainah came into the presence of `Umar, he addressed him thus: "O son of Khattab, you neither bestow much on us nor deal with us justly.'' `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) got angry and was about to beat him up when Hurr said: ``O Leader of the Believers, Allah said to His Prophet (PBUH): ' Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e., don't punish them).' (7:199) This one is from the ignorants. When Hurr recited this, `Umar became quite motionless in his seat. He always adhered strictly to the Book of Allah.
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary:
1. In this Hadith, the word `Qurra' does not stand for the kind of the `Qurra' (reciters) of the present age who are only professional in the art of reciting the Qur'an and have a melodious voice, but what it really meant was the class of scholars who were well-versed in its meanings and implications and who could thoroughly distinguish between the lawful and the unlawful, fair and foul. Such men used to be the companions of the early noble caliphs. It leads to the conclusion that rulers should choose their advisors from religious scholars and not from those who are given to the world and whose sole aim in life is to amass wealth rather than care about the welfare of the people and whose advice is based on selfish motives and vested interests.

2. Since scholarship and piousness are the foremost qualifications for counsellors and advisors, there is no restriction of age for them.

3. The ruler should always be very considerate and tolerant.

4. The ruler should never hesitate from accepting truth and righteousness.
           يتبع              


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51 - وعن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ إنها ستكون بعدي أثرة وأمور تنكرونها ] قالوا : يا رسول الله فما تأمرنا ؟ قال : [ تؤدون الحق الذي عليكم وتسألون الله الذي لكم ] متفق عليه
و [ الأثرة ] : الانفراد بالشيء عمن له فيه حق.
. 51- Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "You will see after me favouritism and things which you will disapprove of.'' They submitted: "What do you order us to do (under such circumstances)?'' He replied, "Discharge your obligations and ask your rights from Allah".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith tells that if you have rulers who deny your rights and give themselves and their relatives preference over you then patience is a better recourse. Rather than revolting against them, you should seek pardon and forgiveness from Allah and pray for His Protection against the mischief and tyranny of the rulers provided they do not show outright disbelief.

52 - وعن أبي يحيى أسيد بن حضير رضي الله عنه أن رجلا من الأنصار قال : يا رسول الله ألا تستعملني كما استعملت فلانا ؟ فقال : [ إنكم ستلقون بعدي أثرة فاصبروا حتى تلقوني على الحوض ] متفق عليه
و [ أسيد ] بضم الهمزة
و [ حضير ] بحاء مهملة مضمومة وضاد معجمة مفتوحة والله أعلم.
. 52- Usaid bin Hudhair (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that: A person from among the Ansar said, "O Messenger of Allah! You appointed such and such person and why do you not appoint me?'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "After me you will see others given preference to you, but you should remain patient till you meet me at the Haud (Al-Kauthar in Jannah)".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary:
. 1- The prophecy of the Prophet (PBUH) came true, which is a miracle as well as an evidence of his truthfulness.

. 2- The Haud (pond) mentioned here is Haud Al-Kauthar which is granted to the Prophet (PBUH) in Jannah or in the field where people will be assembled on the Day of Resurrection. There he will offer his followers cups of pure drink with his own hands. It will be such that one who would take it will never feel thirst again.

3- Demand for an office is not a pleasant quality. It is, therefore, prohibited to give office to a person who demands it. It is, however, permissible only in case a person feels that he is more competent than others and there is no one else in view who is more intelligent, capable and pious.

53 - وعن أبي إبراهيم عبد الله بن أبي أوفى رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم في بعض أيامه التي لقي فيها العدو انتظر حتى إذا مالت الشمس قام فيهم فقال : [ يا أيها الناس لا تتمنوا لقاء العدو واسألوا الله العافية فإذا لقيتموهم فاصبروا واعلموا أن الجنة تحت ظلال السيوف ] ثم قال النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ اللهم منزل الكتاب ومجري السحاب وهازم الأحزاب اهزمهم وانصرنا عليهم ] متفق عليه وبالله التوفيق.
. `53- Abdullah bin Abu Aufa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) at one time when he confronted the enemy, and was waiting for the sun to set, stood up and said, "O people! Do not long for encountering the enemy and supplicate to Allah to grant you security. But when you face the enemy, show patience and steadfastness; and keep it in mind that Jannah lies under the shade of the swords.'' Then he invoked Allah, saying, "O Allah, Revealer of the Book, Disperser of the clouds, Defeater of the Confederates, put our enemy to rout and help us in over-powering them".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary:
. 1- Although great stress has been laid on full preparation and readiness for Jihad, it is prohibited to wish for war with enemy.

. 2- Patience is a great weapon of a Muslim. In the context of Jihad, it means steadfastness, fortitude and fearlessness of death in the battlefield.

. 3- Muslims are ordained not to rely entirely on weapons, material resources and their military prowess. They are advised to pray to Allah for victory over their enemy.

رياض الصالحين        


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4 - باب الصدق.
Chapter 4
Truthfulness

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منتدى الأصدقاء :: هدايات وإرشادات وتوجيهات إسلامية :: ترجمة أحاديث كتاب رياض الصالحين - باللغة الإنجليزية Riyad righteous book - Translated in English-
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