143 - باب استحباب المصافحة عند اللقاء وبشاشة الوجه وتقبيل يد الرجل الصالح وتقبيل ولده شفقة ومعانقة القادم من سفر وكراهية الانحناء
Excellence of Hand shaking at the time of Meeting
885 - عن أبي الخطاب قتادة قال : قلت لأنس رضي الله عنه : أكانت المصافحة في أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ؟ قال : نعم . رواه البخاري
885. Abu Khattab Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked Anas: "Did the Companions of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) use to shake hands?) He said: "Yes.)
Commentary: To shake hands with somebody is a welcome sign and the practice of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). The social behaviour of the Companions also included handshaking along with saying `As-Salamu `Alaikum.'
886 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال : لما جاء أهل اليمن قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ قد جاءكم أهل اليمن وهم أول من جاء بالمصافحة ] رواه أبو داود بإسناد صحيح
886. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the people of Yemen came, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The people of Yemen have visited you. They are the first to introduce the tradition of handshaking.)
Commentary: This Hadith shows that the custom of handshaking was prevalent in Yemen. When some Yemenites came to see the Prophet (PBUH), they displayed their practice of handshake. He liked and approved it as his Sunnah.
887 - وعن البراء رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ ما من مسلمين يلتقيان فيتصافحان إلا غفر لهما قبل أن يفترقا ] رواه أبو داود
887. Al-Bara' (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Two Muslims will not meet and shake hands without having their sins forgiven (by Allah ) before they depart.)
Commentary: Herein, we are told that Allah forgives the minor sins of the two believers who shake hands. However, major sins cannot be forgiven without heartfelt repentance with its conditions. As for our duty towards our fellow-humans, it is inescapable, and a failure in this regard is not forgiven. To sum up, when two Muslims meet and shake hands, two benefits accrue to them. Firstly, their mutual love increases, and secondly, their minor sins are pardoned by Allah.
888 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال قال رجل : يا رسول الله الرجل منا يلقى أخاه أو صديقه أينحني له ؟ قال : [ لا ] قال : أفيلتزمه ويقبله ؟ قال : [ لا ] قال : فيأخذ بيده ويصافحه ؟ قال : [ نعم ] رواه الترمذي وقال حديث حسن . ( 1 )
[ ( 1 ) وهو نص في كراهة تقبيل الرجال عند اللقاء العادي . دار الحديث ]
888. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man asked: "O Messenger of Allah! When a man meets a brother or a friend, should he bow to him?) He said, "No.) The man asked whether he should embrace and kiss him? The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) replied, "No.) He asked whether he should hold his hand and shake it? The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) replied, "Yes.)
Commentary: Here, we are clearly told that when two Muslims meet they are not allowed to bow. Some say the bowing must not come down to the position as assumed in Ruku`. But the Hadith imposes a total ban on it. There is no question of more or less degree of bowing, still less of touching the knees and feet of anybody. Here embracing has been prohibited too, but the prohibition is effective only if the kissing of hands is also involved. Otherwise, some Ahadith allow embracing, particularly on return from a journey or when two persons meet after a long time. Thirdly, the Hadith is absolutely clear on handshake. The question put to the Prophet u was about taking a single hand to which he had replied in the affirmative. There was no reference to taking or using both hands for handshake.
889 - وعن صفوان بن عسال رضي الله عنه قال قال يهودي لصاحبه : اذهب بنا إلى هذا النبي فأتيا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فسألاه عن تسع آيات بينات فذكر الحديث إلى قوله : فقبلا يده ورجله وقالا : نشهد أنك نبي . رواه الترمذي وغيره بأسانيد صحيحة
889. Safwan bin `Assal (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A Jew asked his companion to take him to the Prophet (PBUH); and when they came to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), they asked him about the nine clear signs (given to Prophet Musa). Safwan narrated the long Hadith which concludes: They kissed the hands and feet of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and said: "We testify that you are a Prophet.)
[At-Tirmidhi] (Unapproved Hadith).
890 - وعن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما قصة قال فيها : فدنونا من النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فقبلنا يده . رواه أبو داود
890. In a narration of Ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) at the end of the narration of the Hadith ) he said: "We came near the Prophet (PBUH) and kissed his hand.)
[Abu Dawud] (Weak Hadith).
891 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : قدم زيد بن حارثة المدينة ورسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم في بيتي فأتاه فقرع الباب فقام إليه النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم يجر ثوبه فاعتنقه وقبله . رواه الترمذي وقال حديث حسن
891. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Zaid bin Harithah came to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) when he was in my house. Zaid knocked at the door. The Prophet (PBUH) rose to receive him, trailing his garment. He embraced and kissed him.
Commentary: Since Muhammad bin Ishaq, known for his delusive tendency, happens to be a narrator in this Hadith, Sheikh Al-Albani deems it deficient. Indeed, Hadith memorizers and researchers believe that the Ahadith about the kissing of hand are weak and deficient from the viewpoint of authenticity. The two persons should, therefore, confine to handshake when they meet. Though there is no harm if they embrace.
892 - وعن أبي ذر رضي الله عنه قال قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ لا تحقرن
من المعروف شيئا ولو أن تلقى أخاك بوجه طليق ] رواه مسلم
892. Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to me, "Do not belittle any good deed, even your meeting with your brother (Muslim) with a cheerful face.)
Commentary: This Hadith has already been reported. See the commentary on Hadith No. 695.
893 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال : قبل النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم الحسن بن علي فقال الأقرع بن حابس : إن لي عشرة من الولد ما قبلت منهم أحدا . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ من لا يرحم لا يرحم ] متفق عليه
893. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) kissed his grandson Hasan bin `Ali in the presence of Aqra` bin Habis. Thereupon Aqra` remarked: "I have ten children and I have never kissed any one of them.) The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) cast a glance upon him and said, "He who does not show mercy to others, will not be shown mercy.)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith has already been placed earlier. To pamper and kiss children is an expression of compassion and kindness. One who lacks this tender quality and fails to behave kind-heartedly towards people, may be deprived of Divine mercy. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has said, "Have compassion for others, Allah will have mercy on you.) On another occasion the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Be merciful to others and Allah will have mercy on you, and forgive (others), you will be forgiven.)
6- كتاب عيادة المريض وتشييع الميت والصلاة عليه وحضور دفنه والمكث عند قبره بعد دفنه
Book Six: The Book of Visiting the Sick
144 - باب عيادة المريض
Following the Funeral, and Matters relating to Illness and Death