201 - باب سنة المغرب بعدها وقبلها
Sunnah of the Maghrib Prayer
تقدم في هذه الأبواب حديث ابن عمر ( انظر الحديث رقم 1095 ) وحديث عائشة ( انظر الحديث رقم 1112 ) وهما صحيحان أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان يصلي بعد المغرب ركعتين
[In the previous chapter, the practice of the Prophet (PBUH) has been reported by `Umar and `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with them) that he (PBUH) used to perform two Rak`ah Sunnah after the obligatory Maghrib prayer].
1122 - وعن عبد الله بن مغفل رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ صلوا قبل المغرب ] قال في الثالثة : [ لمن شاء ] رواه البخاري
1122. `Abdullah bin Mughaffal (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Perform two Rak`ah before Maghrib prayer.'' He (PBUH) repeated it twice; when repeating it for the third time he added: "He who may so wish.''
Commentary: This Salat means that the two Rak`ah are performed after the Adhan of Maghrib prayer but before the Fard Salat. This is elucidated by other Ahadith. Although this has the position of Sunnah Ghair Mu'akkadah, its importance is evident from the fact that the Prophet (PBUH) stressed it three times. Usually an order (Amr) signifies that the act is "essential" but here the decency embedded in the words "He who may so wish" has turned it to "desirable". In any case, inducement and stress of the Prophet (PBUH) on this Salat has left no room to doubt that it is desirable. Ahadith which follow lend further support to this contention.
1123 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال : لقد رأيت كبار أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يبتدرون السواري عند المغرب . رواه البخاري
1123. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I saw the principal Companions of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) rushing to the pillars (of the mosque) to perform two Rak`ah prayers behind them before the Maghrib prayer.
Commentary: "Rushing to the pillars" here refers to the haste which the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) usually showed in occupying the place near the pillars to perform the two Rak`ah before Maghrib prayer. Thus, this Hadith confirms the practice of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) in respect of the two Rak`ah performed before Maghrib prayer.
1124 - وعنه رضي الله عنه قال : كنا نصلي على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ركعتين بعد غروب الشمس قبل المغرب فقيل أكان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم صلاها ؟ قال : كان يرانا نصليهما فلم يأمرنا ولم ينهنا . رواه مسلم
1124. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: In the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), we used to perform two Rak`ah (optional prayer) after sunset before the Maghrib prayer. It was asked: "Did Messenger of Allah (PBUH) perform them?'' He replied: "He saw us performing it, but he neither ordered us to perform them nor did he forbid us from doing so.''
Commentary: This Hadith mentions the practice of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) in respect of two Rak`ah performed before Maghrib prayer. They sometimes performed these Rak`ah in the presence of the Prophet (PBUH). Thus according to the narration of Anas (May Allah be pleased with ihm) their being in practice is proved. But this statement of Anas is according to his own knowledge, otherwise, we have already seen a Hadith in which the Prophet (PBUH) stressed the need to perform them by way of inducement. Thus, it is proved by his speech as well.
1125 - وعنه رضي الله عنه قال : كنا بالمدينة إذا أذن المؤذن لصلاة المغرب ابتدروا السواري فركعوا ركعتين حتى إن الرجل الغريب ليدخل المسجد فيحسب أن الصلاة قد صليت من كثرة من يصليهما . رواه مسلم
1125. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When we were in Al-Madinah, the moment the Mu'adhdhin finished the Adhan of the Maghrib prayer, the people hastened to the pillars of the mosque and performed two Rak`ah prayer behind them. A stranger coming into the mosque would think that the obligatory prayer had already been performed because of the number of people performing them.
Commentary: This Hadith shows that it was usual with the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) to perform two Rak`ah before Maghrib in the Prophet's mosque. But in spite of this fact these are Sunnah Ghair Mu'akkadah while the two performed after the Salat are Sunnah Mu'akkadah.
202 - باب سنة العشاء بعدها وقبلها
Sunnah of the 'Isha' Prayer