218 - باب الجود وفعل المعروف والإكثار من الخير في شهر رمضان والزيادة من ذلك في العشر الأواخر منه
The Excellence of Spending out Charity during Ramadan
1222 - عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه قال : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أجود الناس وكان أجود ما يكون في رمضان حين يلقاه جبريل وكان يلقاه جبريل في كل ليلة من رمضان فيدارسه القرآن فلرسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم حين يلقاه جبريل أجود بالخير من الريح المرسلة ] متفق عليه
1222. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was the most generous of the men; and he was the most generous during the month of Ramadan when Jibril visited him every night and recited the Qur'an to him. During this period, the generosity of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) waxed faster than the rain bearing wind.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith induces us to do two good things frequently and with full preparation in the month of Ramadan. First, benevolence and generosity so that people get maximum time for worship and reduce their mundane affairs during this month. Second, recitation of the Qur'an and Mudarsah, (reading and hearing the Qur'an from one another) as is done by two Huffaz in this manner. The reason for the stress on the Qur'an is that the Qur'an and the month of Ramadan are closely linked with each other. The Qur'an was revealed in this month.
1223 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إذا دخل العشر أحيا الليل وأيقظ أهله وشد المئزر ] متفق عليه
1223. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the last ten nights (of Ramadan) would begin, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) would keep awake at night (for prayer and devotion), awaken his family and prepare himself to be more diligent in worship.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: The entire month of Ramadan is a spring season for virtues, worship and obedience of Allah, but its last ten days are the peak of this season of worship. Therefore, one must strive hard in the last ten days and nights of this month to follow the practice of the Prophet (PBUH), to seek the Pleasure of Allah and to attain the benefits of Lailat-ul-Qadr, which occurs during this period. The Prophet (PBUH) used to make special arrangement for observing I`tikaf, and we must also follow this practice of his.
219 - باب النهي عن تقدم رمضان بصوم بعد نصف شعبان إلا لمن وصله بما قبله أو وافق عادة له بأن كان عادته صوم يوم الإثنين والخميس فوافقه
The Prohibition of Observing Saum (Fasting) after the Middle of Sha'ban