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 لاعتدال في العبادة Moderation in Worship رياض الصالحين مترجما للإنجليزية باب الاقتصاد في العبادة

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مُساهمةموضوع: لاعتدال في العبادة Moderation in Worship رياض الصالحين مترجما للإنجليزية باب الاقتصاد في العبادة    الثلاثاء أغسطس 02, 2016 8:10 pm





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14 - باب الاقتصاد في العبادة
Chapter 14
Moderation in Worship

قال الله تعالى ( طه 1 ، 2 ) : { طه ما أنزلنا عليك القرآن لتشقى }
وقال تعالى ( البقرة 185 ) : { يريد الله بكم اليسر ولا يريد بكم العسر }
Allah, the Exalted, says:

"Ta-Ha. We have not sent down the Qur'an unto you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) to cause you distress". (20:1,2)

"Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you". (2:185)

142 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم دخل عليها وعندها امرأة . قال : [ من هذه ؟ ] قالت : هذه فلانة تذكر من صلاتها . قال : [ مه عليكم بما تطيقون فوالله لا يمل الله حتى تملوا ] وكان أحب الدين إليه ما داوم صاحبه عليه . متفق عليه
و [ مه ] : كلمة نهي وزجر
ومعنى [ لا يمل الله ] : لا يقطع ثوابه عنكم وجزاء أعمالكم ويعاملكم معاملة المال [ حتى تملوا ] فتتركوا . فينبغي لكم أن تأخذوا ما تطيقون الدوام عليه ليدوم ثوابه لكم وفضله عليكم.
142. Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) came in when a woman was sitting beside me. He asked me, "Who is she?'' I said: "She is the one whose performance of Salat (prayer) has become the talk of the town.'' Addressing her, he (PBUH) said, "(What is this!) You are required to take upon yourselves only what you can carry out easily. By Allah, Allah does not withhold His Mercy and forgiveness of you until you neglect and give up (good works). Allah likes the deeds best which a worshipper can carry out constantly".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary:
1. This Hadith prohibits `Ibadah (worship) beyond one's capacity lest one gets tired and stops it altogether. One should be, therefore, moderate in this respect.

2. Allah likes that good action which is done regularly, even if it is a small one. Any good deed which is done continuously, will also have an everlasting reward. On the contrary, a good deed which is done for a short period will have a short return.

143 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال : [ جاء ثلاثة رهط إلى بيوت أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم يسألون عن عبادة النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فلما أخبروا كأنهم تقالوها وقالوا : أين نحن من النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم وقد غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه وما تأخر . قال أحدهم : أما أنا فأصلي الليل أبدا . وقال الآخر : وأنا أصوم الدهر ولا أفطر . وقال الآخر : وأنا أعتزل النساء فلا أتزوج أبدا . فجاء رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إليهم فقال : [ أنتم الذين قلتم كذا وكذا ؟ أما والله إني لأخشاكم لله وأتقاكم له لكني أصوم وأفطر وأصلي وأرقد وأتزوج النساء فمن رغب عن سنتي فليس مني ] متفق عليه
143. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Three men came to the houses of the wives of the Prophet (PBUH) to inquire about the worship of the Prophet (PBUH). When they were informed, they considered their worship insignificant and said: "Where are we in comparison with the Prophet (PBUH) while Allah has forgiven his past sins and future sins". One of them said: "As for me, I shall offer Salat all night long.'' Another said: "I shall observe Saum (fasting) continuously and shall not break it". Another said: "I shall abstain from women and shall never marry". The Prophet (PBUH) came to them and said, "Are you the people who said such and such things? By Allah, I fear Allah more than you do, and I am most obedient and dutiful among you to Him, but still I observe fast and break it; perform Salat and sleep at night and take wives. So whoever turns away from my Sunnah does not belong to me".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary:
1. This Hadith deals with the following five points:

a) Moderation in worship.

b) Obligation to marry.

c) Inducement for following in the Prophet's footsteps.

d) Prohibition from observing Saum (fasts) all the time.

e) Prohibition of keeping awake all the night for Nawafil prayers.

2. There is neither virtue nor reward for making innovations in religion. All the blessings and rewards lie only in the obedience and following the conduct of the Prophet (PBUH).

144 - وعن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ هلك المتنطعون ] قالها ثلاثا . رواه مسلم
[ المتنطعون ] : المتعمقون المشددون في غير موضع التشديد
144. Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Ruined are those who insist on hardship in matters of the Faith.'' He repeated this three times.
[Muslim]

Commentary: This Hadith shows disgust against exercises which many Sufis have introduced in religion which deviate from the conduct of the Prophet (PBUH) and encourage self-violence. Similarly, such people who are hypocritical and make unnecessary probe into religious matters also fall in this category and are usually far from the teachings and practice of the Prophet (PBUH).

145 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ إن الدين يسر ولن يشاد الدين إلا غلبه فسددوا وقاربوا وأبشروا واستعينوا بالغدوة والروحة وشيء من الدلجة ] رواه البخاري
وفي رواية له : [ سددوا وقاربوا واغدوا وروحوا وشيء من الدلجة القصد القصد تبلغوا ]
قوله [ الدين ] هو مرفوع على ما لم يسم فاعله . وروي منصوبا . وروي [ لن يشاد الدين أحد ]
وقوله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إلا غلبه ] : أي غلبه الدين وعجز ذلك المشاد عن مقاومة الدين لكثرة طرقه
و [ الغدوة ] : سير أول النهار
و [ الروحة ] آخر النهار
و [ الدلجة ] آخر الليل . وهذا استعارة وتمثيل . ومعناه : استعينوا على طاعة الله عز و جل بالأعمال في وقت نشاطكم وفراغ قلوبكم بحيث تستلذون العبادة ولا تسأمون وتبلغون مقصودكم كما أن المسافر الحاذق يسير في هذه الأوقات ويستريح هو ودابته في غيرها فيصل المقصود بغير تعب والله أعلم
145. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The religion (of Islam) is easy, and whoever makes the religion a rigour, it will overpower him. So, follow a middle course (in worship); if you can't do this, do something near to it and give glad tidings and seek help (of Allah) at morn and at dusk and some part of night".
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: Besides moderation in worship, this Hadith enjoins that such times should be fixed for worship when one is fresh so that one feels pleasure in performing it. But this principle is for optional and voluntary prayers only. Obligatory Salat are to be performed at the prescribed times only.

146 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه قال : دخل النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم المسجد فإذا حبل ممدود بين الساريتين فقال : [ ما هذا الحبل ؟ ] قالوا : هذا حبل لزينب فإذا فترت تعلقت به . فقال النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ حلوه ليصل أحدكم نشاطه فإذا فتر فليرقد ] متفق عليه
146. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) came into the mosque and noticed a rope stretched between two poles. He enquired, "What is this rope for?'' He was told: "This is Zainab's rope. When during her voluntary prayer, she begins to feel tired, she grasps it for support". The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Untie it. You should perform prayers so long as you feel active. When you feel tired, you should go to sleep".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith deals with the following three points:

1. It forbids undue strictness and taking support of anything in the course of Salat.

2. If wrong can be corrected by hand, it must be stopped immediately.

3. One should be moderate in `Ibadah and select such times for optional and voluntary prayers when one feels real pleasure in them.

147 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ إذا نعس أحدكم وهو يصلي فليرقد حتى يذهب عنه النوم فإن أحدكم إذا صلى وهو ناعس لا يدري لعله يذهب يستغفر فيسب نفسه ] متفق عليه
147. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "When one of you feels drowsy during prayer, let him lie down till drowsiness goes away from him, because when one of you performs prayers while feeling sleepy, he does not know whether he seeks forgiveness or abuses himself".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

148 - وعن أبي عبد الله جابر بن سمرة رضي الله عنه قال : كنت أصلي مع النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم الصلوات فكانت صلاته قصدا وخطبته قصدا ] رواه مسلم
قوله [ قصدا ] : أي بين الطول والقصر
148. Jabir bin Samurah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I used to perform prayer with the Prophet (PBUH) and his Salat was of a moderate length and his Khutbah too was moderate in length.
[Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith tells us that Imam should neither lengthen the Salat nor give a long Khutbah in the congregational Salat because both of these things are not according to the practice of the Prophet (PBUH).

149 - وعن أبي جحيفة وهب بن عبد الله رضي الله عنه قال : آخى النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم بين سلمان وأبي الدرداء فزار سلمان أبا الدرداء فرأى أم الدرداء متبذلة فقال لها : ما شأنك ؟ قالت : أخوك أبو الدرداء ليس له حاجة في الدنيا . فجاء أبو الدرداء فصنع له طعاما فقال له : كل فإني صائم . قال : ما أنا بآكل حتى نأكل . فأكل فلما كان الليل ذهب أبو الدرداء يقوم فقال : نم . فنام ثم ذهب يقوم فقال له : نم . فلما كان آخر الليل قال سلمان : قم الآن . فصليا جميعا فقال له سلمان : إن لربك عليك حقا وإن لنفسك عليك حقا لأهلك عليك حقا فأعط كل ذي حق حقه . فأتى النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فذكر ذلك له فقال النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ صدق سلمان ] رواه البخاري
149. Abu Juhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) made a bond of brotherhood between Salman and Abud-Darda'. Salman paid a visit to Abud-Darda' and found Umm Darda' (his wife) dressed in shabby clothes and asked her why she was in that state. She replied: "Your brother Abud-Darda' is not interested in (the luxuries of) this world. In the meantime Abud-Darda' came in and prepared a meal for Salman. Salman requested Abud-Darda' to eat (with him) but Abud-Darda' said: "I am fasting.'' Salman said: "I am not going to eat unless you eat.'' So, Abud-Darda' ate (with Salman). When it was night and (a part of the night passed), Abud-Darda' got up (to offer the night prayer) but Salman asked him to sleep and Abud-Darda' slept. After some time Abud-Darda' again got up but Salman asked him to sleep. When it was the last hours of the night, Salman asked him to get up and both of them offered (Tahajjud) prayer. Then Salman told Abud-Darda': "You owe a duty to your Rubb, you owe a duty to your body; you owe a duty to your family; so you should give to every one his due. Abud-Darda' came to the Prophet (PBUH) and reported the whole story. Prophet (PBUH) said, "Salman is right".
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary: This Hadith highlights the following points:

1. Although the performance of voluntary prayers (Nawafil) is highly meritorious, it should not be done at the cost of obligations for, in this case, they loose their merits and are disliked by Allah.

2. The right time for Tahajjud (optional prayers at night) is the last third part of the night. The reason being that in the first two portions of the night, one should take rest and perform his conjugal duties.

3. Voluntary fasting can be broken (for valid reasons) without any expiation.

4. It is permissible to establish fraternity on the basis of Deen, and when this is established, the families so affiliated can associate with each other.

5. Muslims must provide right guidance to each other.

6. In case of need, it is permissible to speak to an unknown woman while observing the teachings of the Prophet (PBUH) in this regard, such as lowering the gaze and be as brief as possible.

150 - وعن أبي محمد عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص رضي الله عنه قال : أخبر النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم أني أقول : والله لأصومن النهار ولأقومن الليل ما عشت . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ أنت الذي تقول ذلك ؟ ] فقلت له : قد قلته بأبي أنت وأمي يا رسول الله . قال : [ فإنك لا تستطيع ذلك فصم وأفطر ونم وقم وصم من الشهر ثلاثة أيام فإن الحسنة بعشر أمثالها وذلك مثل صيام الدهر ] قلت : فإني أطيق أفضل من ذلك . قال : [ فصم يوما وأفطر يومين ] قلت : فإني أطيق أفضل من ذلك . قال : [ فصم يوما وأفطر يوما فذلك صيام داود عليه السلام وهو أعدل الصيام ] وفي رواية : [ هو أفضل الصيام ] فقلت : فإني أطيق أفضل من ذلك . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ لا أفضل من ذلك ] ولأن أكون قبلت الثلاثة الأيام التي قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أحب إلي من أهلي ومالي
وفي رواية [ ألم أخبر أنك تصوم النهار وتقوم الليل ؟ ] قلت : بلى يا رسول الله . قال : [ فلا تفعل صم وأفطر ونم وقم فإن لجسدك عليك حقا وإن لعينيك عليك حقا وإن لزوجك عليك حقا وإن لزورك عليك حقا وإن بحسبك أن تصوم من كل شهر ثلاثة أيام فإن لك بكل حسنة عشر أمثالها فإن ذلك صيام الدهر ] فشددت فشدد علي . قلت : يا رسول الله إني أجد قوة . قال : [ صم صيام نبي الله داود ولا تزد عليه ] قلت : وما كان صيام داود ؟ قال : [ نصف الدهر ] فكان عبد الله يقول بعد ما كبر : يا ليتني قبلت رخصة رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم
وفي رواية : [ ألم أخبر أنك تصوم الدهر وتقرأ القرآن كل ليلة ] فقلت : بلى يا رسول الله ولم أرد بذلك إلا الخير . قال : [ فصم صوم نبي الله داود فإنه كان أعبد الناس واقرأ القرآن في كل شهر ] قلت : يا نبي الله إني أطيق أفضل من ذلك ؟ قال : [ فاقرأه في كل عشرين ] قلت : يا نبي الله إني أطيق أفضل من ذلك ؟ قال : [ فاقرأه في كل عشر ] قلت : يا نبي الله إني أطيق أفضل من ذلك ؟ قال : [ فاقرأه في كل سبع ولا تزد على ذلك ] فشددت فشدد علي وقال لي النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إنك لا تدري لعلك يطول بك عمر ] قال : فصرت إلى الذي قال لي النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فلما كبرت وددت أني كنت قبلت رخصة نبي الله صلى الله عليه و سلم
وفي رواية : [ وإن لولدك عليك حقا ]
وفي رواية : [ لا صام من صام الأبد ] ثلاثا
وفي رواية : [ أحب الصيام إلى الله صيام داود وأحب الصلاة إلى الله صلاة داود : كان ينام نصف الليل ويقوم ثلثه وينام سدسه وكان يصوم يوما ويفطر يوما ولا يفر إذا لاقى ]
وفي رواية قال : أنكحني أبي امرأة ذات حسب وكان يتعاهد كنته : أي امرأة ولده فيسألها عن بعلها فتقول له : نعم الرجل من رجل لم يطأ لنا فراشا ولم يفتش لنا كنفا منذ أتيناه فلما طال ذلك عليه ذكر ذلك للنبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فقال : [ القني به ] فلقيته بعد فقال : [ كيف تصوم ؟ ] قلت : كل يوم . قال : [ وكيف تختم ؟ ] قلت : كل ليلة . وذكر نحو ما سبق . وكان يقرأ على بعض أهله السبع الذي يقرؤه يعرضه من النهار ليكون أخف عليه بالليل وإذا أراد أن يتقوى أفطر أياما وأحصى وصام مثلهن كراهية أن يترك شيئا فارق عليه النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم . كل هذه الروايات صحيحة معظمها في الصحيحين وقليل منها في أحدهما.
150. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) was informed that I said that I would perform prayers the whole night and observe fasting every day as long as I live. Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Is it you who said this?'' I said to him, "O Messenger of Allah! I ransom you with my parents, it is I who said that.'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "You will not be able to do that. Observe fast and break it; sleep and get up for prayer, and observe fast for three days during the month; for every good is multiplied ten times and that will be equal to fasting the whole year.'' I said, "O Messenger of Allah! I can do more than that.'' He said, "Observe fast one day and leave off the next two days.'' I said, "O Messenger of Allah! I have strength to do more than that.'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Observe fast every other day, and that is the fasting of Dawud (PBUH) and that is the most moderate fasting".

According to another narration: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "That is the best fasting.'' I said, "But I am capable of doing more than this". Thereupon, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "There is nothing better than this.'' `Abdullah bin `Amr (May Allah be pleased with them) said (when he grew old): "Had I accepted the three days (fasting during every month) as the Messenger of Allah had said, it would have been dearer to me than my family and my property".

In another narration `Abdullah is reported to have said: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to me, "O `Abdullah! Have I not been informed that you observe fast during the day and offer prayer all the night.'' I replied, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah!'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Don't do that. Observe fast for few days and then leave off for few days, perform prayers and also sleep at night, as your body has a right upon you, and your eyes have a right upon you; and your wife has a right upon you; your visitors have a right upon you. It is sufficient for you to observe fast three days in a month, as the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times, so it will be like fasting the whole year.'' I insisted (on fasting) and so I was given a hard instruction. I said, "O Messenger of Allah! I have strength.'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Observe fast like the fasting of Prophet Dawud (PBUH); and do not fast more than that.'' I said: "How was the fasting of Prophet Dawud?'' He (PBUH) said, "Half of the year (i.e., he used to fast on every alternate day).''

Afterwards when `Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) grew old, he used to say: "Would that I had availed myself of the concession granted to me by Messenger of Allah.''

In another narration `Abdullah is reported to have said: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "I have been informed that you observe fast continuously and recite (the whole of the Qur'an) every night.'' I said, "Messenger of Allah! It is right, but I covet thereby nothing but good,'' whereupon he (PBUH) said, "Then observe fasts like the fasting of Prophet Dawud (PBUH) as he was the most ardent worshipper of Allah; recite the Qur'an once every month.'' I said, "O Prophet of Allah! I am capable of doing more than that.'' He said, "Then recite it (the complete Qur'an) in every twenty days.'' I said, "O Prophet of Allah I am capable of reciting more than that.'' He said, "Then recite it once in every ten days.'' I said, "O Prophet of Allah! I am capable of reciting more than that.'' He said, "Then recite it once in every seven days, but not recite more than that.'' The Prophet of Allah also said to me, "You do not know, you may have a longer life". When I grew old I wished I had availed myself of the concession (granted to me by) the Prophet of Allah.

In another narration `Abdullah is reported to have said: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The best fasting with Allah is that of (Prophet) Dawud, and the best prayer with Allah is that of Dawud (PBUH) for he would sleep half of the night and stand for prayer for the third of it and (then) would sleep sixth part of it; he observed fast one day and leave off the other. He would not flee on meeting the enemy".

In another narration `Abdullah is reported to have said: My father helped me marry a noble woman and he used to inquire of his daughter-in-law regarding her husband. She would say: "He is, indeed, a fine man. Since I have come to him, he has neither stepped on my bed nor he has had sexual intercourse with me". When this state of affairs lasted for some time, my father mentioned the matter to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) who directed my father saying, "Send him to me". I went to him accordingly. He asked me, "How often do you observe fast?'' I replied; "Daily". He asked me, "How long do you take in reading the Noble Qur'an completely.'' I said, "Once every night". Then he narrated the whole story. He (in his old age) would recite one seventh of his nightly recitation to some members of his family during the day to lighten his task at night. Whenever he wished to have a relief from his fast on alternate days, he would give up fasting for a few days and make up deficiency later by observing the number of fasts he had missed. He would not give up the number of fasts altogether because he did not like to abandon what he had settled with Messenger of Allah (PBUH).

Commentary: This Hadith brings the following two things into focus:

1. Besides mentioning the continence and ardour for worship of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH), it tells us of the teachings of the Prophet of Allah to adopt moderation and fulfill the lawful needs of life as well as religion.

2. It also presents a model of the chastity, modesty and bashfulness of the Sahabiyat (women who embraced Islam and saw the Prophet (PBUH)). It tells how patiently they bore the indifference of their husbands. In the instance quoted in the above mentioned Hadith, the politeness with which the wife of Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) answered her father-in-law when he inquired her about the treatment of her husband is a model of decency and modesty.

151 - وعن أبي ربعي حنظلة بن الربيع الأسيدي الكاتب أحد كتاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : لقيني أبو بكر رضي الله عنه فقال : كيف أنت يا حنظلة ؟ قلت : نافق حنظلة قال : سبحان الله ما تقول ؟ قلت : نكون عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يذكرنا بالجنة والنار كأنا رأي عين فإذا خرجنا من عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم عافسنا الأزواج والأولاد والضيعات نسينا كثيرا . قال أبو بكر رضي الله عنه : فوالله إنا لنلقى مثل هذا . فانطلقت أنا وأبو بكر حتى دخلنا على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فقلت : نافق حنظلة يا رسول الله فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ وما ذاك ؟ ] قلت : يا رسول الله نكون عندك تذكرنا بالنار والجنة كأنا رأي عين فإذا خرجنا من عندك عافسنا الأزواج والأولاد والضيعات نسينا كثيرا . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ والذي نفسي بيده لو تدومون على ما تكونون عندي وفي الذكر لصافحتكم الملائكة في فرشكم وفي طرقكم ولكن يا حنظلة ساعة وساعة ] ثلاث مرات . رواه مسلم
قوله : [ ربعي ] بكسر الراء . [ والأسيدي ] بضم الهمزة وفتح السين وبعدها ياء مكسورة مشددة
وقوله [ عافسنا ] هو بالعين والسين المهملتين : أي عالجنا ولاعبنا
و [ الضيعات ] : المعايش.
151. Hanzalah Al-Usayyidi (May Allah be pleased with him) who was one of the scribes of Messenger of Allah (PBUH), reported: I met Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) he said: "How are you O Hanzalah?'' I said, "Hanzalah has become a hypocrite". He said, "Far removed is Allah from every imperfection, what are you saying?'' I said, "When we are in the company of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and he reminds us of Hell-fire and Jannah, we feel as if we are seeing them with our very eyes, and when we are away from Messenger of Allah (PBUH), we attend to our wives, our children, our business, most of these things (pertaining to life hereafter) slip out of our minds.'' Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) said, "By Allah, I also experience the same thing". So Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) and I went to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and I said to him, "O Messenger of Allah (PBUH), Hanzalah has turned hypocrite.'' Thereupon Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "What has happened to you?'' I said, "O Messenger of Allah, when we are in your company, and are reminded of Hell-fire and Jannah, we feel as if we are seeing them with our own eyes, but when we go away from you and attend to our wives, children and business, much of these things go out of our minds.'' Thereupon Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "By Him in Whose Hand is my life if your state of mind remains the same as it is in my presence and you are always busy in remembrance (of Allah), the angels will shake hands with you in your beds and in your roads; but Hanzalah, time should be devoted (to the worldly affairs) and time should be devoted (to prayer)". He (the Prophet (PBUH)) said this thrice.
[Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith also tells us about the continence and piety of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) with reference to the natural instinct of man to think differently in different situations. This condition has nothing to do with Nifaq (hypocrisy). Islam is the Deen of Fitrah (pure nature) and takes the middle course in everything, and combines the benefits of this world and those of the Hereafter. It also satisfies the needs of the body as well as that of the soul.

152 - وعن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه قال : بينما النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم يخطب إذا هو برجل قائم فسأل عنه فقالوا : أبو إسرائيل نذر أن يقوم في الشمس ولا يقعد ولا يستظل ولا يتكلم ويصوم . فقال النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ مروه فليتكلم وليستظل وليقعد وليتم صومه ] رواه البخاري

152. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: While the Prophet (PBUH) was delivering Khutbah (religious talk), he noticed a man who was standing, so he asked about him and was told that he was Abu Israel who had taken a vow to remain standing and not sit, or go into the shade, or speak while observing fasting. Thereupon Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Tell him to speak, to go into the shade, to sit and to complete his fast''.
[Al-Bukhari].

Commentary:
1. This Hadith makes it abundantly clear that one cannot attain the Pleasure of Allah by means of self-invented methods. It can only be achieved by ways and means prescribed in the Qur'an and Sunnah.

2. One should never vow for anything which is smeared with sin or which is not permitted by Deen. An instance of this is quoted in the above mentioned Hadith.

3. The majority of 'Ulama' (scholars) who do not think the expiation of such vows necessary, quote this Hadith in support of their view. They argue that the Prophet (PBUH) has not prescribed expiation in such cases as is evident from this Hadith.
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