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»  إننا نجد أن بعضا من أسماء الله سبحانه وتعالى له مقابل، ومن أسماء الله الحسنى ما لا تجد له مقابلا. فإذا قيل “المحيي” تجد “المميت” لكن الصفة إن لم يوجد لها مقابل نسميها صفة ذات، فهو “حي” ولا نأتي بالمقابل
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 سنة الجمعة Sunnah of Friday Prayer - رياض الصالحين مترجما للإنجليزية كتاب الفضائل ..الجزء الثاني ( 3 ) يتبع

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عدد المساهمات : 18466
تاريخ التسجيل : 23/12/2010
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مُساهمةموضوع: سنة الجمعة Sunnah of Friday Prayer - رياض الصالحين مترجما للإنجليزية كتاب الفضائل ..الجزء الثاني ( 3 ) يتبع    الإثنين أغسطس 01, 2016 9:55 pm





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203 - باب سنة الجمعة
Chapter 203
Sunnah of Friday Prayer

1126 - فيه حديث ابن عمر السابق ( انظر الحديث رقم 1095 ) : أنه صلي مع النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم ركعتين بعد الجمعة . متفق عليه
وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إذا صلى أحدكم الجمعة فليصل بعدها أربعا ] رواه مسلم
`Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I performed along with the Prophet (PBUH) two Rak`ah (Sunnah prayer) after the Jumu'ah prayer.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
1126. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "If anyone of you performs the Friday prayer, he should perform four Rak`ah (Sunnah) after it.''
[Muslim].

1127 - وعن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان لا يصلي بعد الجمعة حتى ينصرف فيصلي ركعتين في بيته . رواه مسلم
1127. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) would not perform any Salat (in the mosque) after the Friday prayer till he had returned to his house. He would then perform two Rak`ah there.
[Muslim].
Commentary: In one Hadith, there is mention of four Rak`ah, while in the other it is mentioned as two Rak`ah. It can be deduced that both of these are acceptable. `Ulama' are of the opinion that one who performs them in the mosque, should perform four Rak`ah; whereas the one performing them at home, should perform two Rak`ah with one Taslim. It is better to perform them in twos as the Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said, "Perform the Nawafil of the day and night in twos.'' (Al-Bukhari).

204 - باب استحباب جعل النوافل في البيت سواء الراتبة وغيرها والأمر بالتحول للنافلة من موضع الفريضة أو الفصل بينهما بكلام
Chapter 204
Desirability of offering Nawfil (Voluntary or Optional) Prayers at Home

1128 - عن زيد بن ثابت رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ صلوا أيها الناس في بيوتكم فإن أفضل الصلاة صلاة المرء في بيته إلا المكتوبة ] متفق عليه
1128. Zaid bin Thabit (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "O people! perform your (voluntary) Salat (prayers) in your homes because the best Salat of a man is the one he performs at home, except the obligatory Salat.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith tells us that the Nawafil and Sunnah prayers should be performed at home. It goes without saying that all the Fard constituents of every Salat are to be performed in the mosque (Masjid) in congregation. The order to perform the Nawafil prayers at home shows its merits. Firstly, it saves a person from showing off, and secondly, houses are blessed due to them.

1129 - وعن ابن عمر رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ اجعلوا من صلاتكم في بيوتكم ولا تتخذوها قبورا ] متفق عليه
1129. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Observe part of the [Nawafil (voluntary)] Salat (prayers) in your homes. Do not turn your homes into graves.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: "Observe part of the Salat (prayers) in your homes'' here means Nawafil and Sunnah. The houses in which Nawafil are not performed are like graveyards. Such houses are like graves which have no scope for action and worship and are thus deprived of their reward, which is a great deprivation indeed.

1130 - وعن جابر رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إذا قضى أحدكم من صلاته في المسجد فليجعل لبيته نصيبا من صلاته فإن الله جاعل في بيته من صلاته خيرا ] رواه مسلم
1130. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "When you have finished your (Fard) Salat (prayer) in the mosque, you should observe some of your (Sunnah and Nawafil) Salat at home; Allah will bless your homes because of your Salat (in your homes).''
[Muslim]
Commentary: This Hadith has the same message which is conveyed by the preceding Ahadith namely that the Fard Salat should be performed in the Masjid (mosque) while some of the supererogatory, optional and voluntary prayers should be performed at home.

1131 - وعن عمر بن عطاء أن نافع بن جبير أرسله إلى السائب ابن أخت نمر يسأله عن شيء رآه منه معاوية في الصلاة فقال : نعم صليت معه الجمعة في المقصورة فلما سلم الإمام قمت في مقامي فصليت فلما دخل أرسل إلي فقال : لا تعد لما فعلت إذا صليت الجمعة فلا تصلها بصلاة حتى تتكلم أو تخرج فإن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أمرنا بذلك أن لا نوصل صلاة بصلاة حتى نتكلم أو نخرج . رواه مسلم
1131. `Umar bin `Ata reported that Nafi` bin Jubair sent him to Sa'ib bin Ukht Namir to ask him about something that Mu`awiyah had seen him doing in Salat (prayer). He said: "Yes, I performed the Friday prayer along with him in the enclosure (Maqsurah), and when the Imam concluded the Salat with Taslim, I stood up in my place and performed the Sunnah prayer. When Mu`awiyah went home, he sent for me (and when I came) he said: "Never do again what you have done. When you have observed the Friday prayer, you must not start another Sunnah prayer till you have spoken to some one or have shifted your place; because the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) ordered us not to follow up the congregational Salat with any other Salat until we have talked (to some one) or moved from the place."
[Muslim].
Commentary: "Maqsurah'' was an enclosure in a mosque or a place which was made there for the security of rulers. When Muslim caliphs and rulers used to perform their prayers in congregation, they would occupy this place. The word "Friday" (Jumu`ah) has been mentioned here because of the incident reported in it, otherwise, this order applies to every Salat and is not restricted to Jumu`ah alone. There is a standing order that one must separate the Fard and the Sunnah of a Salat by some means, like conversation, changing place of the Salat, going out of the Masjid, etc., as has been mentioned in a Hadith narrated earlier. What Muawiyah has stated here is in the light of this Hadith.

205 - باب الحث على صلاة الوتر وبيان أنه سنة متأكدة وبيان وقته
Chapter 205
Witr Prayer, its Time and Ruling

1132 - عن علي رضي الله عنه قال : الوتر ليس بحتم كصلاة المكتوبة ولكن سن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ إن الله وتر يحب الوتر فأوتروا يا أهل القرآن ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن
1132. `Ali (bin Abu Talib) (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Witr prayer is not obligatory as the prescribed Salat (prayers), but the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) observed it as his regular practice (Sunnah). He (PBUH) said, "Allah is Witr (single, odd) and loves what is Witr. So perform Witr prayer. O followers of Qur'an, observe Witr (prayer).''
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].
Commentary: "Witr'' literally means odd number. "Allah is Witr'' means He is One in Attributes and Actions and has no equal. Witr prayer is also called Witr for the reason that it is performed in one, three, five and seven Rak`ah. It is not permissible to perform it in an even number, like two, four, six, eight etc. Thus, we learn from this Hadith that Witr is not Fard and Wajib but Sunnah Mu'akkadah (compulsory). But it would not be correct to show any slackness in performing them to this reason because every Muslim should do his level best to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH).

1133 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : من كل الليل قد أوتر رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : من أول الليل ومن أوسطه ومن آخره وانتهى وتره إلى السحر . متفق عليه
1133. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) observed Witr prayer in every part of night at the beginning, middle and at the last part. He (PBUH), however, would finish his Witr prayer before dawn.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith tells us the timing of Witr prayer. Its earliest time is soon after `Isha' prayer and its time is just before dawn.

1134 - وعن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ اجعلوا آخر صلاتكم بالليل وترا ] متفق عليه
1134. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Make Witr prayer the last of your Salat at night.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: Some `Ulama' are of the opinion that after performing the Witr prayer, it is not permissible to perform any other Nawafil prayers because the Prophet (PBUH) ordered to make it the last Salat. But Imam An-Nawawi and some other scholars have interpreted it as "desirable'' rather than an order, because we do find instances in which the Prophet (PBUH) performed two Rak`ah Nafl prayer in the sitting position after Witr prayer. It is, therefore, better to go by this Hadith. But if someone wants to perform two Rak`ah Nafl prayer after Witr, prayer it is permissible

1135 - وعن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ أوتروا قبل أن تصبحوا ] رواه مسلم
1135. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Perform Witr prayer before dawn.''
[Muslim].

1136 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان يصلي صلاته بالليل وهي معترضة بين يديه فإذا بقي الوتر أيقظها فأوترت . رواه مسلم
وفي رواية له : فإذا بقي الوتر قال : [ قومي فأوتري يا عائشة ]
1136.`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) used to perform his voluntary prayer at night (i.e., Tahajjud prayer) while she was sleeping in front of him; and when the Witr prayer was yet to be observed, he would awaken her to perform her Witr prayer.
[Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith makes the following three points:
1.It is permissible to pray with someone sleeping in front of us.
2.It is desirable to awaken one's own family members for Nafl prayer.
3.One can perform, Witr prayer before Fajr prayer.

1137 - وعن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ بادروا الصبح بالوتر ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن صحيح
1137. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Hasten to perform the Witr prayer before dawn.''
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1138 - وعن جابر رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ من خاف أن لا يقوم من آخر الليل فليوتر أوله ومن طمع أن يقوم آخر الليل فإن صلاة آخر الليل مشهودة وذلك أفضل ] رواه مسلم
1138. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "He who apprehends that he may not get up in the later part of the night, should observe the Witr prayer in the first part of it; and he who is certain to get up in the last part of it, he should observe Witr at the end of the night, because Salat at the end of the night is attended (by the angels), and that is better.''
[Muslim].
Commentary: If a person is confident that he will get up to perform Witr prayer before dawn, it is better for him to perform it in the late hours of the night; otherwise, it will be well to do so after `Isha' prayer.

206 - باب فضل صلاة الضحى وبيان أقلها وأكثرها وأوسطها والحث على المحافظة عليها
Chapter 206
Merit of the (Optional) Duha (Forenoon) Prayer

1139 - عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال : أوصاني خليلي صلى الله عليه و سلم بصيام ثلاثة أيام من كل شهر وركعتي الضحى وأن أوتر قبل أن أرقد . متفق عليه
والإيتار قبل النوم إنما يستحب لمن لا يثق بالاستيقاظ آخر الليل فإن وثق فآخر الليل أفضل
1139. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: My Khalil (the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)) directed me to fast three days of each month, and to observe two Rak`ah Duha (optional prayer) at forenoon, and to perform the Witr prayer before going to bed.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: "Three days'' can be any three days of a month, but it is better if one opts 13th, 14th and 15th of every lunar month because the Prophet (PBUH) used to observe fasting on these days.
This Hadith also highlights the importance of Duha and Witr prayer, and proves the merit of giving counsel persuasion and inducement for virtuous deeds.

1140 - وعن أبي ذر رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ يصبح على كل سلامى من أحدكم صدقة : فكل تسبيحة صدقة وأمر بالمعروف صدقة ونهي عن المنكر صدقة ويجزئ من ذلك ركعتان يركعهما من الضحى ] رواه مسلم
1140. Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "In the morning, charity is due on every joint bone of the body of everyone of you. Every utterance of Allah's Glorification (i.e., saying Subhan Allah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of His Praise (i.e., saying Al-hamdu lillah) is an act of charity and every utterance of declaration of His Greatness (i.e., saying La ilaha illAllah) is an act of charity; and enjoining M`aruf (good) is an act of charity, and forbidding Munkar (evil) is an act of charity, and two Rak`ah Duha prayers which one performs in the forenoon is equal to all this (in reward).''
[Muslim].
Commentary: "Charity is due from every joint bone" means that when a person gets up in the morning, it is obligatory for him to thank Allah for having every joint of his intact. Therefore, one must praise and glorify Allah. Since a single invocation of the words mentioned in this Hadith is equivalent to one Sadaqah, one must say these words for 360 times - a number which equals the number of joints in man's body. Moreover, to enjoin someone to do what is good and dissuade somebody from vice constitutes Sadaqah. However, if one performs two Rak`ah of Duha prayer, it will serve for Sadaqah for all the joints of the body. Thus, this Hadith highlights the merits and importance of Duha prayer. We also learn from this Hadith that Sadaqah is not restricted to spending money alone but also has a vast meaning and covers all forms of virtues mentioned here.

1141 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يصلي الضحى أربعا ويزيد ما شاء الله . رواه مسلم
1141. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to perform four Rak`ah of Duha prayer (at the forenoon) and would add to them whatever Allah wished.
[Muslim].
Commentary: We learn from this Hadith that the Prophet (PBUH) used to perform usually four Rak`ah in Duha prayers but sometimes he also performed more. In some of the Ahadith, their number varies from two to eight. One is therefore free to perform two, four or eight Rak`ah according to his convenience.

1142 - وعن أم هانئ فاختة بنت أبي طالب رضي الله عنها قالت : ذهبت إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم عام الفتح فوجدته يغتسل فلما فرغ من غسله صلى ثماني ركعات وذلك ضحى . متفق عليه . وهذا مختصر لفظ إحدى روايات مسلم
1142. Umm Hani, daughter of Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I went to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) on the day of the conquest of Makkah. He was taking a bath at that time. When he finished the bath, he performed eight Rak`ah (of optional) prayers. This was during the Duha (forenoon).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith holds that Duha prayer consists of eight Rak`ah. Another Hadith elaborates that the Prophet (PBUH) performed these Rak`ah in four couplets. What is the time of Duha prayer? Is Duha prayer and Ishraq prayer one and the same? There is a difference of opinion on these issues. Some people think that Duha and Ishraq are two different names for one and the same prayer, and this is performed soon after sunrise. While others think that the earliest time of Duha prayer is soon after sunrise and the last is a little before the sun begins to decline. The one performed in the early hours is called Ishraq prayer, while the one performed in the late hours is called Duha prayer. Some people say that the two Rak`ah performed at the time when the sun is at a height of a lance in the sky is Ishraq, and the one, comprising four Rak`ah, performed when the sun covers one fourth of the sky is Duha. (For more details, see Miratul-Mafatih, a commentary of Mishkat Al-Masabih, Chapter Duha prayer). The majority of Muslim scholars consider this prayer as Mustahabb (desirable).

207 - باب تجويز صلاة الضحى من ارتفاع الشمس إلى زوالها والأفضل أن تصلى عند اشتداد الحر وارتفاع الضحى
Chapter 207
Time for the Duha (Forenoon Optional) Prayer

1143 - عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه أنه رأى قوما يصلون من الضحى فقال : أما لقد علموا أن الصلاة في غير هذه الساعة أفضل إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ صلاة الأوابين حين ترمض الفصال ] رواه مسلم
[ ترمض ] بفتح التاء والميم وبالصاد المعجمة يعني : شدة الحر
و [ الفصال ] جمع فصيل وهو : الصغير من الإبل
1143. Zaid bin Arqam (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I saw some people performing Duha (prayers) in the early forenoon and warned them (saying): These people must know that performing Salat a little later is better. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The Salat of the penitent is to be observed when the young ones of camels feel the heat of the sun (i.e., when it becomes very hot).''
[Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith confirms the opinion of those who hold that Duha prayer is different from Ishraq prayer. Ishraq prayer must be performed when the sun rises about a lance in the sky while the time for Duha prayer occurs when the hoofs of the animals begin to burn and they feel troubled with the heat of the sun. Usually the six Rak`ah performed after Maghrib prayer are called Salat-ul-Awwabin (prayer of the penitent) which is founded on a weak Hadith. In the present authentic Hadith, Duha prayer is interpreted as Salat-ul-Awwabin. Thus Salat-ul-Awwabin is in fact Duha prayer.

208 - باب الحث على صلاة تحية المسجد بركعتين وكراهة الجلوس قبل أن يصلي ركعتين في أي وقت دخل وسواء صلى ركعتين بنية التحية أو صلاة فريضة أو سنة راتبة أو غيرها
Chapter 208
Inducement to Perform Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid (Upon Entering the Mosque)

1144 - عن أبي قتادة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إذا دخل أحدكم المسجد فلا يجلس حتى يصلي ركعتين ] متفق عليه
1144. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "When anyone of you enters the mosque, he should perform two Rak`ah (of voluntary prayer) before sitting.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1145 - وعن جابر رضي الله عنه قال : أتيت النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم وهو في المسجد فقال : [ صل ركعتين ] متفق عليه
1145. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I came to the Prophet (PBUH) when he was in the mosque, and he said to me, "Perform two Rak`ah prayer.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: Both the foregoing Ahadith stress on performing two Rak`ah upon entering the mosque. According to Imam An-Nawawi's title of the chapter, everyone who comes to the mosque and performs Fard Salat or Sunnah Ratibah (compulsory), he will be exempted from performing two Rak`ah. Some `Ulama' are of the opinion that the order in this respect makes it compulsory, and for this reason they held Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid as Wajib (obligatory), while others think that it is a liked act (i.e., Mandub) and thus comes in the category of Mustahabb (desirable).

209 - باب استحباب ركعتين بعد الوضوء
Chapter 209
The Excellence of Performing two Rak'ah of Voluntary Prayer after Ablution

1146 - عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال لبلال : [ يا بلال حدثني بأرجى عمل عملته في الإسلام فإني سمعت دف نعليك بين يدي في الجنة ] قال : ما عملت عملا أرجى عندي من أني لم أتطهر طهورا في ساعة من ليل أو نهار إلا صليت بذلك الطهور ما كتب أن أصلي . متفق عليه
[ الدف ] بالفاء : صوت النعل وحركته على الأرض . والله أعلم
1146. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to Bilal (May Allah be pleased with him) "Tell me about the most hopeful act (i.e., one which you deem the most rewarding with Allah) you have done since your acceptance of Islam because I heard the sound of the steps of your shoes in front of me in Jannah.'' Bilal said: "I do not consider any act more hopeful than that whenever I make Wudu' (or took a bath) in an hour of night or day, I would immediately perform Salat (prayer) for as long as was destined for me to perform.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: The word "Tuhur'' is used for "Wudu", Ghusl and Tayammum because one gets the ritual purity by all these means and then one can perform Salat freely. It means that everytime during the day or night Bilal made Wudu'' or Ghusl, he would invariably perform some Nafl prayer. Some of the Ahadith explicitly say two Rak`ah. This act of his so much pleased Allah that he was blessed with the distinction which was witnessed by the Prophet (PBUH) himself. This Hadith proves the merit of performing two Rak`ah prayer after ablution. Some `Ulama' hold that this two Rak`ah prayer as well as Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid are permissible even in hours when Salat is Makruh (undesirable), while others stick to the injunctions which regard Nafl Salat after Fajr and `Asr prayer undesirable.

210 - باب فضل يوم الجمعة ووجوبها والاغتسال لها والتطيب والتبكير إليها والدعاء يوم الجمعة والصلاة على النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم وفيه بيان ساعة الإجابة واستحباب إكثار ذكر الله تعالى بعد الجمعة
Chapter 210
The Excellence of Friday Prayer

قال الله تعالى ( الجمعة 10 ) : { فإذا قضيت الصلاة فانتشروا في الأرض وابتغوا من فضل الله واذكروا الله كثيرا لعلكم تفلحون }
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Then when the (Jumu`ah) Salat is ended, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allah (by working), and remember Allah much: that you may be successful.'' (62:10)

1147 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ خير يوم طلعت عليه الشمس يوم الجمعة : فيه خلق آدم وفيه أدخل الجنة وفيه أخرج منها ] رواه مسلم
1147. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday. On that day Adam was created, he was admitted to Jannah, and he was expelled therefrom.''
[Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith tells us of the excellence of Jumu`ah. Many achievements were made on this day which also go to prove its excellent position in Islam.

1148 - وعنه رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ من توضأ فأحسن الوضوء ثم أتى الجمعة فاستمع وأنصت غفر له ما بينه وبين الجمعة وزيادة ثلاثة أيام ومن مس الحصى فقد لغا ] رواه مسلم
1148. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "If anyone performs Wudu' properly, then comes to the Friday prayer, listens to the Khutbah (religious talk) attentively and keeps silent, his (minor) sins between that Friday and the following Friday will be forgiven, with the addition of three more days; but he who touches pebbles has caused an interruption. ''
[Muslim].
Commentary:
1. "If anyone performs ablution properly'' means does it in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH), that is to say, one should not exceed the prescribed limits, nor should one use water extravagantly. One should wash every organ of the body involved in "Wudu'', at the most for three times. One should neither use water in excess of the need nor leave any of the organs unwashed or partly washed in Wudu'. This Hadith also makes it evident that it is more meritorious to perform Wudu' at home.
2.Sins of ten days are pardoned because every virtue has at least ten-times reward. Here sins means minor sins as the major ones are not forgiven without sincere repentance nor are Huquq-ul-`Ibad i.e., (rights of people) forgiven without compensation.
3.One should listen to the Khutbah quietly with full attention. One must avoid toying with anything (such as straws, one's watch, etc.) as this is a useless exercise, which will doubtlessly deprive one of the Friday reward.

1149 - وعنه رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ الصلوات الخمس والجمعة إلى الجمعة ورمضان إلى رمضان مكفرات ما بينهن إذا اجتنبت الكبائر ] رواه مسلم
1149. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The five daily (prescribed) Salat, and Friday (prayer) to the next Friday (prayer), and the fasting of Ramadan to the next Ramadan, is expiation of the sins committed in between them, so long as major sins are avoided.''
[Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith makes it clear that the good actions mentioned in it are means of forgiveness of sins but only if one saves oneself from major sins. Thus, it is abundantly clear that the sins which are pardoned through these good actions are minor sins. Major sins will not be forgiven by means of Salat and Saum (fasting). Sincere repentance for them is indispensable.

1150 - وعن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما أنهما سمعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول على أعواد منبره : [ لينتهين أقوام عن ودعهم الجمعات أو ليختمن الله على قلوبهم ثم ليكونن من الغافلين ] رواه مسلم
1150. Ibn `Umar and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: We heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying (while delivering Khutbah on his wooden pulpit), "Either some people (i.e., hypocrites) stop neglecting the Friday prayers, or Allah will seal their hearts and they will be among the heedless.''
[Muslim].
Commentary: "They will be among the heedless'' means those who will become utterly unmindful of the remembrance of Allah and His Orders. Such people are Munafiqun (hypocrites), whose abode will be Hell. It means that negligence of Jumu`ah for a long time is such a serious offence that it can even seal a man's heart, which finishes all hopes and chances of one's improvement.

1151 - وعن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ إذا جاء أحدكم الجمعة فليغتسل ] متفق عليه
1151. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "When one of you intends to come for the Friday prayer, he should take a bath.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1152 - وعن أبي سعيد الجدري رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ غسل الجمعة واجب على كل محتلم ] متفق عليه
المراد بالمحتلم : البالغ
والمراد بالوجوب وجوب اختيار كقول الرجل لصاحبه : حقك واجب علي والله أعلم
1152. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Taking a bath (before coming to Friday prayers) is obligatory on every adult.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: On the strength of this Hadith, some `Ulama' have regarded bath for Salat-ul-Jumu`ah as Wajib (obligatory), and those who differ from this view, like Imam An-Nawawi, to resort the interpretation of Wajib made here. Whether Ghusl is Wajib or desirable, it applies to women as well, if they like to go to the mosque for Salat-ul-Jumu`ah. The manner of taking a bath for the Friday prayer is similar to the manner of performing Ghusl after sexual intercourse.

1153 - وعن سمرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ من توضأ يوم الجمعة فبها ونعمت ومن اغتسل فالغسل أفضل ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن
1153. Samurah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "It suffices to perform Wudu' properly for the Friday prayer; but it is better to take a bath.''
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
Commentary: This Hadith supports the contention of those who do not hold the Ghusl obligatory for two reasons. Firstly, it allows one to perform Wudu'. In fact, it has been regarded good. Secondly, the Ghusl has been regarded better, from which one can safely infer the permission to leave it. In any case, there is no doubt about its being Masnun (Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH)) and Mustahabb (desirable). The time of the Ghusl is from the daybreak to the time of Salat-ul-Jumu`ah.

1154 - وعن سلمان رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ لا يغتسل رجل يوم الجمعة ويتطهر ما استطاع من طهر ويدهن من دهنه أو يمس من طيب بيته ثم يخرج فلا يفرق بين اثنين ثم يصلي ما كتب له ثم ينصت إذا تكلم الإمام إلا غفر له ما بينه وبين الجمعة الأخرى ] رواه البخاري
1154. Salman (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "If a man takes bath on Friday, (or) purifies himself as much as he can with Wudu', oils his hair, applies whatever perfume available in his house, sets forth for the mosque, does not separate two people (to make a seat for himself), performs Salat what is prescribed for him, remains silent when the Imam speaks, his (minor) sins between that Friday and the following Friday will be forgiven.''
[Al-Bukhari].
Commentary: This Hadith stresses the following four points:
1.The need to purify oneself as much as possible on Jumu`ah. One must use hair oil and perfume so that others do not feel any irritation on the bad smell which may rise from one's clothes.
2.One is advised to go for Salat-ul-Jumu`ah early so that he has not to jump over the shoulders of others, nor has to sit tightly between two persons. If a person goes to the mosque late, then he should occupy the available seat and observe full manners.
3.One should perform Nawafil after reaching the mosque.
4.One should listen to the Khutbah quietly. A person who observes all the manners mentioned in this Hadith will receives full benefits of Salat-ul-Jumu`ah.

1155 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ من اغتسل يوم الجمعة غسل الجنابة ثم راح في الساعة الأولى فكأنما قرب بدنة ومن راح في الساعة الثانية فكأنما قرب بقرة ومن راح في الساعة الثالثة فكأنما قرب كبشا أقرن ومن راح في الساعة الرابعة فكأنما قرب دجاجة ومن راح في الساعة الخامسة فكأنما قرب بيضة فإذا خرج الإمام حضرت الملائكة يستمعون الذكر ] متفق عليه
قوله [ غسل الجنابة ] : أي غسلا كغسل الجنابة في الصفة
1155. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "He who takes a bath on Friday, like the bath for ceremonial purity, and then goes (to the mosque), he is like one who offers a camel as a sacrifice to seek the Pleasure of Allah; and he who comes at the second hour is like one who offers a cow to win the Pleasure of Allah; and he who comes at the third hour is like one who offers a ram with horns (in sacrifice); and he who comes at the fourth hour is like one who offers a hen; and he who comes at the fifth hour is like one who offers an egg. And when the Imam ascends the pulpit, the angels (who write the names of those who come to the mosque before the coming of the Imam) close (their record) in order to listen to the Khutbah.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith mentions the merits of going early for Salat-ul-Jumu`ah and narrates inducements provided for it. The earlier a person goes for it, the greater his reward will be. In fact, the reward for it goes on diminishing in proportion to the delay that he makes in reaching the mosque for this purpose so much so that he who reaches the Masjid after the Khutbah, will be totally deprived of the benefits which go with it because his name does not figure in the register which shows men of merits.
Salat-ul-Jumu`ah is also attended by angels. This fact shows the eminence for the Khutbah of Salat-ul-Jumu`ah and the Salat itself.
The Ghusl performed on Jumu`ah should be done with the same meticulous care as is done in Ghusl Janabah (post-coition bath).

1156 - وعنه رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ذكر يوم الجمعة فقال : [ فيها ساعة لا يوافقها عبد مسلم وهو قائم يصلي يسأل الله شيئا إلا أعطاه إياه ] وأشار بيده يقللها . متفق عليه
1156. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said while talking about the merits of Friday, "There is a time on Friday at which a Muslim, while he (or she) is performing Salat and is supplicating, will be granted whatever he (or she) is supplicating for.'' And he (PBUH) pointed with his hand to indicate that this period of time is very short.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith mentions another distinction of Jumu`ah, namely a moment in which every prayer that a person then makes is granted with the condition that what one is asking for is good and lawful. It is a very short moment and its time has also not been revealed. For this reason one should remember Allah frequently and pray to Him on Jumu`ah so that one attains that moment when prayers are answered. Prayers can also be answered outside Salat if one happens to be supplicating at the specified moment.

1157 - وعن أبي بردة بن أبي موسى الأشعري رضي الله عنه قال : قال عبد الله بن عمر رضي الله عنه : أسمعت أباك يحدث عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم في شأن ساعة الجمعة ؟ قال قلت : نعم سمعته يقول : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يقول : [ هي ما بين أن يجلس الإمام إلى أن تقضى الصلاة ] رواه مسلم
1157. Abu Burdah bin Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: `Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said to me: "Did you hear your father narrating something from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) about the special moment during Friday?'' I said: "Yes, I heard him report from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH): `It occurs between the time when the Imam sits down (on the pulpit after the first Khutbah) and the time Salat is over.'''
[Muslim].
Commentary: There is a difference of opinion among `Ulama' in respect of this moment. Some `Ulama' prefer the version given in this Hadith, that is, this moment could be any time in the period from the time the Imam sits down after the first Khutbah and the end of Salat-ul-Jumu`ah. But Sheikh Al-Albani has regarded this Hadith as "Mauquf'' (its chain of narrators does not reach up to the Prophet (PBUH)) (See Riyadh-us-Saliheen edited by Sheikh Al-Albani). For this reason other `Ulama' have inclined to a Marfu` Hadith (i.e., its chain of narrators reaches up to the Prophet (PBUH)) and urged to find this moment in the last hour of `Asr before the Maghrib.

1158 - وعن أوس بن أوس رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إن من أفضل أيامكم يوم الجمعة فأكثروا علي من الصلاة فيه فإن صلاتكم معروضة علي ] رواه أبو داود بإسناد صحيح
1158. Aus bin Aus (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Among the best of your days is Friday. On that day pray to Allah to exalt my mention frequently, for your such supplications are presented to me.''
[Abu Dawud].
Commentary: This Hadith brings forth the following three points:
1.The auspiciousness of time further enhances the merits of virtuous deeds, as is evident from the stress on reciting more and more salutation on the Prophet (PBUH) on Friday.
2.On Jumu`ah, salutation is presented to the Prophet (PBUH). This statement goes to prove that he does not hear salutation of anyone directly, either from near or from far. There is a famous Hadith which says that he hears it from near but this is not "Sahih'' technically. Therefore, the truth of the matter is that he does not hear it directly. It is the angels who convey it to him.
3.The most well-worded is "Ibrahimi salutation'' because the Prophet (PBUH) himself taught it to his Companions. The salutation is: Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin wa `ala ali Muhammadin, kama sallaita `ala Ibrahima, wa `ala ali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidun Majeed. Allahumma barik `ala Muhammadin wa `ala ali Muhammadin, kama barakta `ala Ibrahima, wa `ala ali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidun Majeed.
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