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»  إننا نجد أن بعضا من أسماء الله سبحانه وتعالى له مقابل، ومن أسماء الله الحسنى ما لا تجد له مقابلا. فإذا قيل “المحيي” تجد “المميت” لكن الصفة إن لم يوجد لها مقابل نسميها صفة ذات، فهو “حي” ولا نأتي بالمقابل
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 أذكار الصباح والمساء Reciting the morning and evening - رياض الصالحين مترجما للإنجليزية كتاب الأذكار ( 2 )

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مُساهمةموضوع: أذكار الصباح والمساء Reciting the morning and evening - رياض الصالحين مترجما للإنجليزية كتاب الأذكار ( 2 )    الإثنين أغسطس 01, 2016 6:34 pm





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247 - باب فضل حلق الذكر والندب إلى ملازمتها والنهي عن مفارقتها لغير عذر
Chapter 247
The Excellence of Gathering in which Allah is Remembered

قال الله تعالى ( الكهف 28 ) : { واصبر نفسك مع الذين يدعون ربهم بالغداة والعشي يريدون وجهه ولا تعد عيناك عنهم }
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"And keep yourself (O Muhammad (PBUH)) patiently with those who call on their Rubb (i.e., your companions who remember their Rubb with glorification, praising in prayers, and other righteous deeds) morning and afternoon, seeking His Face; and let not your eyes overlook them.'' (18:28)

1447 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إن لله تعالى ملائكة يطوفون في الطرق يلتمسون أهل الذكر فإذا وجدوا قوما يذكرون الله عز و جل تنادوا : هلموا إلى حاجتكم فيحفونهم بأجنحتهم إلى السماء الدنيا فيسألهم ربهم وهو أعلم : ما يقول عبادي ؟ قال : يقولون يسبحونك ويكبرونك ويحمدونك ويمجدونك فيقول : هل رأوني ؟ فيقولون : لا والله ما رأوك فيقول : كيف لو رأوني ؟ قال : يقولون لو رأوك كانوا أشد لك عبادة وأشد لك تمجيدا وأكثر لك تسبيحا فيقول : فماذا يسألون ؟ قال يقولون : يسألونك الجنة قال : يقول : وهل رأوها ؟ قال : يقولون : لا والله يا رب ما رأوها . قال : يقول : فكيف لو رأوها ؟ قال : يقولون : لو أنهم رأوها كانوا أشد عليها حرصا وأشد لها طلبا وأعظم فيها رغبة . قال : فمم يتعوذون ؟ قال : يتعوذون من النار ؟ قال : فيقول : وهل رأوها ؟ قال : يقولون : لا والله ما رأوها فيقول : فكيف لو رأوها ؟ قال : يقولون : لو رأوها كانوا أشد منها فرارا وأشد لها مخافة قال : فيقول : فأشهدكم أني قد غفرت لهم . قال : يقول ملك من الملائكة : فيهم فلان ليس منهم إنما جاء لحاجة قال : هم الجلساء لا يشقى بهم جليسهم ] متفق عليه
وفي رواية لمسلم عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ إن لله ملائكة سيارة فضلا يتبعون مجالس الذكر فإذا وجدوا مجلسا فيه ذكر قعدوا معهم وحف بعضهم بعضا بأجنحتهم حتى يملؤوا ما بينهم وبين السماء الدنيا فإذا تفرقوا عرجوا وصعدوا إلى السماء الدنيا فيسألهم الله عز و جل وهو أعلم : من أين جئتم ؟ فيقولون : جئنا من عند عباد لك في الأرض يسبحونك ويكبرونك ويهللونك ويحمدونك ويسألونك . قال : وماذا يسألوني ؟ قالوا : يسألونك جنتك . قال : وهل رأوا جنتي ؟ قالوا : لا أي رب قال : فكيف لو رأوا جنتي ؟ قالوا : ويستجيرونك قال : ومم يستجيروني ؟ قالوا : من نارك يا رب . قال : وهل رأوا ناري ؟ قالوا : لا . قال : فكيف لو رأوا ناري ؟ قالوا : ويستغفرونك ؟ فيقول : قد غفرت لهم فأعطيتهم ما سألوا وأجرتهم مما استجاروا . قال : فيقولون : رب فيهم فلان عبد خطاء إنما مر فجلس معهم . فيقول : وله غفرت هم القوم لا يشقى بهم جليسهم ]

1447. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah, the Exalted, has teams of angels who go about on the roads seeking those who remember Allah. When they find some people remembering Allah they call to one another and say, `Come to what you are looking for;' and they surround them with their wings till the space between them and the lowest sky is fully covered. Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, asks them (although He is best informed about every thing): `What are my slave saying?' They say: `They are glorifying Your Tasbih, Tahmid, Takbir, Tamjid, (i.e., they were declaring Your Perfectness, praising, remembering the Greatness and Majesty of Allah).' He asks: `Have they seen Me?' They reply, `No, indeed, they have not seen You.' He asks: `How would they act if they were to see Me?' Thereupon they reply: `If they were to see You, they would engage more earnestly in worshipping and glorifying You and would extol You more.' He would say: `What do they beg of Me?' They say, `They beg You for Your Jannah.' Allah says, `Have they seen My Jannah?' They say, `No, our Rubb.' He says: `How would they act if they were to see My Jannah?' They reply, `Were they to see it, they would more intensely eager for it.' They (the angels) say, `They seek Your Protection.' He asks, `Against what do they seek My Protection?' They (the angels) say, `Our Rubb, from the fire of Hell.' (He, the Rubb) says, `Have they seen the fire of Hell?' They say, `No. By Your Honour, they have not seen it.' He says: `How would they act if they were to see My Fire?' They say: `If they were to see it, they would more earnest in being away from it and fearing it. They beg of Your forgiveness.' He says: `I call you to witness that I hereby grant pardon to them and confer upon them what they ask for; and grant them protection against what they seek protection from.' One of the angels says: `Our Rubb, there is amongst them such and such slave who does not belong to the assembly of those who are participating in Your remembrance. He passed by them and sat down with them.' He says: `I also grant him pardon because they are the people by virtue of whom their associates will not be unfortunate'.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
(The narration in Muslim is also the same with minor changes in wordings).
Commentary: What kind of circles and gatherings of remembrance of Allah are referred to here? Obviously not those in which Allah is remembered in the ways invented by the participants themselves, i.e., repetition of the slogans "Allah-Hu'', "Haq-Allah'', etc.,which have not been mentioned in any Hadith. The repetition of any specific word, in a specific manner and in a peculiar surrounding (such as by putting the lights off) - this manner of conducting the remembrance of Allah is also not evident from the practice of the Prophet (PBUH) and his Companions. The circles and gatherings mentioned in this Hadith are those in which, the Prophet's Sunnah is fully observed. The words such as Subhan-Allah, Al-hamdu lillah, La ilaha illallah, Allahu Akbar etc., are recited and Praise and Glorification of Allah are done after Salat. The groups are quietly engaged in the remembrance of Allah, and those who attend the sermons and speeches delivered in mosques on Friday also come in this category of meetings and gatherings as these are ordained in Islam. This Hadith also highlights the distinction of Muslims who are engaged in the remembrance of Allah and the Du`a they recite on the suggested times and occasions.

1448 - وعنه وعن أبي سعيد رضي الله عنهما قالا قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ لا يقعد قوم يذكرون الله إلا حفتهم الملائكة وغشيتهم الرحمة ونزلت عليهم السكينة وذكرهم الله فيمن عنده ] رواه مسلم
1448. Abu Hurairah and Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "When a group of people assemble for the remembrance of Allah, the angels surround them (with their wings), (Allah's) mercy envelops them, Sakinah, or tranquillity descends upon them and Allah makes a mention of them before those who are near Him.''
[Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith also highlights the merits of remembrance of Allah and the high grades of the people indulging in it.

1449 - وعن أبي واقد الحارث بن عوف رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم بينما هو جالس في المسجد والناس معه إذ أقبل ثلاثة نفر فأقبل اثنان إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم وذهب واحد فوقفا على رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فأما أحدهما فرأى فرجة في الحلقة فجلس فيها وأما الآخر فجلس خلفهم وأما الثالث فأدبر ذاهبا . فلما فرغ رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال : [ إلا أخبركم عن النفر الثلاثة ؟ أما أحدهم فأوى إلى الله فآواه الله وأما الآخر فاستحيا فاستحيا الله منه وأما الآخر فأعرض فأعرض الله عنه ] متفق عليه
1449. Abu Waqid Al-Harith bin `Auf (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was sitting in the mosque with his Companions when three people came to him. Two of them stepped forward to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and the third went away. Those two men stood by the side of Messenger of Allah (PBUH). One of them found a space in the circle and he filled it, while the other one sat behind him. When the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) finished, he said, "Shall I not inform you about these three people? One of them sought refuge with Allah and Allah gave him refuge; the second one felt shy and Allah showed kindness to his shyness (and so he was accommodated in that meeting), and the last one averted, and so Allah turned away His Attention from him.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith highlights the following three points:
1. The inducement for participation in the meetings held for the remembrance of Allah.
2. The merit of avoiding anything that causes inconvenience to people and distinction of those who are bashful.
3. The condemnation and evil consequences of avoiding, without any genuine reason, the meetings or gatherings which are held to remember Allah or to disseminate religious knowledge.

1450 - وعن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال : خرج معاوية رضي الله عنه على حلقة في المسجد فقال : ما أجلسكم ؟ قالوا : جلسنا نذكر الله . قال : آلله ما أجلسكم إلا ذلك ؟ قالوا : ما أجلسنا إلا ذلك . قال : أما إني لم أستحلفكم تهمة لكم وما كان أحد بمنزلتي من رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم أقل عنه حديثا مني إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم خرج على حلقة من أصحابه فقال : [ ما أجلسكم ؟ ] قالوا : جلسنا نذكر الله ونحمده على ما هدانا للإسلام ومن به علينا . قال : [ آلله ما أجلسكم إلا ذاك ؟ قالوا : والله ما أجلسنا إلا ذاك . أما إني لم أستحلفكم تهمة لكم ولكنه أتاني جبريل فأخبرني أن الله يباهي بكم الملائكة ] رواه مسلم
1450. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Mu`awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) came to an assembly in the mosque and asked them: "What has made you sit together?'' They replied, "We are sitting here to remember Allah.'' He said, "I adjure you by Allah to tell me whether nothing else has made you to sit together.'' They replied: "By Allah! We are sitting only to remember Allah.'' Then he said, "I did not adjure you because I suspected you. No one of my rank in the eyes of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) is the narrator of so few traditions as I am. The fact is that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) went out to a circle of his Companions and said, `What has made you sit there?' When they replied that they are sitting together to remember Allah and to praise Him for guiding them to Islam and bestowing favours on them, he (PBUH) said, `I adjure you by Allah to tell me that nothing else has made you sit together.' On their reply that there was certainly no other purpose, he (PBUH) said, `I did not adjure you because I suspected you, but Jibril (Gabriel) came to me and told me that Allah was talking proudly of you to the angels.'''
[Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith, like those preceding it, mentions the merits of the meetings which are held for the remembrance of Allah as well as the distinction of those who participate in them.

248 - باب الذكر عند الصباح والمساء
Chapter 248
Remembrance of Allah in the Morning and in the Evening

قال الله تعالى ( الأعراف 205 ) : { واذكر ربك في نفسك تضرعا وخيفة ودون الجهر من القول بالغدو والآصال ولا تكن من الغافلين }
قال أهل اللغة : { الآصال } جمع أصيل وهو : ما بين العصر والمغرب
وقال تعالى ( طه 130 ) : { وسبح بحمد ربك قبل طلوع الشمس وقبل غروبها }
وقال تعالى ( غافر 55 ) : { وسبح بحمد ربك بالعشي والإبكار }
قال أهل اللغة : { العشي } : ما بين زوال الشمس وغروبها
وقال تعالى ( النور 36 - 37 ) : { في بيوت أذن الله أن ترفع ويذكر فيها اسمه يسبح له فيها بالغدو والآصال رجال لا تلهيهم تجارة ولا بيع عن ذكر الله } الآية
وقال تعالى ( سورة ص : 18 ) : { إنا سخرنا الجبال معه يسبحن بالعشي والإشراق }
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"And remember your Rubb by your tongue and within yourself, humbly and with fear and without loudness in words in the mornings, and in the afternoons and be not of those who are neglectful.'' (7:205)
"And declare the perfectness of your Rubb before the rising of the sun, and before its setting.'' (20:130)
"And declare the perfectness of your Rubb and praise Him in the `Ashi (i.e., the time period after the midnoon till sunset) and in the Ibkar (i.e., the time period from early morning or sunrise till before midnoon).'' (40:55)
"In houses (mosques) which Allah has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and to be honoured), in them His Name is mentioned in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings. Men whom neither trade nor sale diverts from the remembrance of Allah (with heart and tongue).'' (24:36,37)
"Verily, We made the mountains to declare the Perfectness of Allah with him [Dawud (David)] in the `Ashi (i.e., after the midday till sunset) and Ishraq (i.e., after the sunrise till midday).'' (38:18)

1451 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ من قال حين يصبح وحين يمسي : سبحان الله وبحمده مائة مرة لم يأت أحد يوم القيامة بأفضل مما جاء به إلا أحد قال مثل ما قال أو زاد ] رواه مسلم
1451. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "He who recites in the morning and in the evening the statement: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with praising Him)' one hundred times, will not be surpassed on the Day of Resurrection by anyone with better deeds than one who utters the same words or utters more of these words.''
[Muslim].

1452 - وعنه رضي الله عنه قال جاء رجل إلى النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فقال : يا رسول الله ما لقيت من عقرب لدغتني البارحة . قال : [ أما لو قلت حين أمسيت : أعوذ بكلمات الله التامات
من شر ما خلق لم تضرك ] رواه مسلم
1452. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said, "What a trouble I suffered from a scorpion which stung me last night!'' He (PBUH) said, "Had you said in the evening: `A`udhu bikalimatillahit-tammati min sharri ma khalaqa (I seek the protection of Allah's Perfect Words from the evil of whatever He has created),' it would not have harmed you.''
[Muslim].
Commentary: Kalimat means the Words of Allah, His Decisions and His Power. At-Tamat being free from every defect and shortcoming. Thus, it means "I seek the protection of Allah, by means of faultless Words, Decisions and Power of Allah, from the mischief of every living being''. It is the best prayer for protection from dangerous animals, insects and people.

1453 - وعنه رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم أنه كان يقول إذا أصبح : [ اللهم بك أصبحنا وبك أمسينا وبك نحيا وبك نموت إليك النشور ] وإذا أمسى قال : [ اللهم بك أمسينا وبك نحيا وبك نموت وإليك النشور ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن
1453. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) used to say in the morning: "Allahumma bika asbahna, wa bika amsaina, wa bika nahya, wa bika namutu, wa ilaikan-nushur (O Allah! With Your Power we have come to the morning, with Your Power we come to the evening, with Your Power we live, and we die, and to You will we return).'' In the evening he would say: "Allahumma bika amsaina, wa bika nahya, wa bika namutu, wa ilaikan-nushur (O Allah! With Your Power, we have come to the evening, by You do we live, by You do we die, and to You is the return).''
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

1454 - وعنه رضي الله عنه أن أبا بكر الصديق رضي الله عنه قال : يا رسول الله مرني بكلمات أقولهن إذا أصبحت وإذا أمسيت قال : [ قل : اللهم فاطر السماوات والأرض عالم الغيب والشهادة رب كل شيء ومليكه أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت أعوذ بك من شر نفسي وشر الشيطان وشركه ] قال : [ قلها إذا أصبحت وإذا أمسيت إذا أخذت مضجعك ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن صحيح
1454. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Abu Bakr asked, "O Messenger of Allah! Teach me some words so that I may recite them in the morning and in the evening.'' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Recite these words: `Allahumma fatiras-samawati wal-ardi, `alimal-ghaibi wash-shahadati, Rabba kulli shai'in wa malikahu. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa Anta, a`udhu bika min sharri nafsi, wa sharrish-Shaitani wa shirkihi (O Allah! Creator of the heavens and the earth! Knower of the hidden and the exposed! Rubb of everything and every one. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but You. I seek Your Protection from the evil of my own self from the evil of Satan and from the evil of Shirk to which he calls).''' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) added: "Recite these words in the morning and the evening and when you go to bed.''
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1455 - وعن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال : كان نبي الله صلى الله عليه و سلم إذا أمسى قال : [ أمسينا وأمسى الملك لله والحمد لله لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ] قال الراوي : أراه قال فيهن : [ له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير رب أسألك خير ما في هذه الليلة وخير ما بعدها وأعوذ بك من شر ما في هذه الليلة وشر ما بعدها رب أعوذ بك من الكسل وسوء الكبر أعوذ بك من عذاب في النار وعذاب في القبر ] وإذا أصبح قال ذلك أيضا : [ أصبحنا وأصبح الملك لله ] رواه مسلم
1455. `Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When it was evening, the Prophet (PBUH) used to supplicate: "Amsaina wa amsal-mulku lillah, wal-hamdu lillah. La `ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu (We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening. Praise is due to Allah. There is none who has the right to be worshiped but Allah, the One who has no partner with Him).'' He (the narrator) said: I think that he (PBUH) used to follow the recitation with these words: "Lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli shi'in Qadir. Rabbi as'aluka khaira ma fi hadhihil-lailati, wa khaira ma ba`daha; wa a`udhu bika min sharri ma fi hadhihil-lailati, wa sharri ma ba`daha; Rabbi a`udhu bika minal-kasali, wa su'il-kibari; Rabbi a`udhu bika min `adhabin fin-nari, wa `adhabin fil-qabri (His is the sovereignty and to Him is all praise due, and He is Omnipotent. My Rubb, I beg of you good that lies in this night and good that follows it, and I seek refuge in You from the evil that lies in this night and from the evil of that which follows it. My Rubb! I seek refuge in You from lethargy and the misery of old age. O Allah! I seek Your Protection from the torment of Hell-fire and the punishment of the grave).'' When it was morning, he (PBUH) would recite the same, replacing the words: "We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening'' with "We have entered upon morning and the whole kingdom of Allah entered upon morning.'' (Replace the words "Amsaina, amsa, hadhihil-lailati, ma ba`daha with Asbahna, asbaha, hadhal-yaumi, ma ba`dahu, respectively.)
[Muslim].
Commentary: It is desirable to recite the invocations cited in the Hadith in the morning and the evening and also when one goes to bed and awakes. The purpose is that the concept of Allah's Providence and Divinity remains alive all the time in one's mind. With these words one seeks Allah's Protection in life and the Hereafter from things which are harmful. One also begs for his safety and guidance in this life and the Hereafter. This Hadith fully expresses one's recognition of Allah's Godhood and Lordship.

1456 - وعن عبد الله بن خبيب رضي الله عنه قال قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ اقرأ قل هو الله أحد والمعوذتين حين تمسي وحين تصبح ثلاث مرات تكفيك من كل شيء ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن صحيح
1456. `Abdullah bin Khubaib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to me, "Recite Surat Al-Ikhlas and Al-Mu`awwidhatain (Surat Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas) three times at dawn and dusk. It will suffice you in all respects.''
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
Commentary: "Recite Surat Al-Ikhlas and Al-Mu`awwidhatain (Surat Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas) three times at dawn and dusk. It will suffice you in all respects'' means that then one would not need any other recitation for the remembrance of Allah. Moreover, by virtue of these three Surah, Allah will protect the reciter from every dangerous thing. In other Ahadith, it is stated that after lying in the bed, the Prophet (PBUH) used to recite these Surah, then blow on his hands and rub them over his body to the extent he could.

1457 - وعن عثمان بن عفان رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ ما من عبد يقول في صباح كل يوم ومساء كل ليلة : بسم الله الذي لا يضر مع اسمه شيء في الأرض ولا في السماء هو السميع العليم ثلاث مرات إلا لم يضره شيء ] رواه أبو داود والترمذي وقال حديث حسن صحيح
1457. `Uthman bin `Affan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "He who recites three times every morning and evening: `Bismillahil-ladhi la yadurru ma`as-mihi shai'un fil-ardi wa la fis-sama'i, wa Huwas-Sami`ul-`Alim (In the Name of Allah with Whose Name there is protection against every kind of harm in the earth or in the heaven, and He is the All-Hearing and All-Knowing),' nothing will harm him.''
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].
Commentary: The prayer cited in this Hadith means that "I seek the Protection of Allah by means of which one can save himself from every vice, whether it is an animal or man, a jinn or Satan because He is Aware of everyone's condition and Capable of hearing everybody's petition. He who comes in His Protection none can harm him, except that which He wills.''

249 - باب ما يقوله عند النوم
Chapter 249
Supplication before going to Bed

قال الله تعالى ( آل عمران 190 - 191 ) : { إن في خلق السماوات والأرض واختلاف الليل والنهار لآيات لأولي الألباب الذين يذكرون الله قياما وقعودا وعلى جنوبهم ويتفكرون في خلق السموات والأرض } الآيات
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding. Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth.'' (3:190,191)

1458 - وعن حذيفة وأبي ذر رضي الله عنهما أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم كان إذا أوى إلى فراشه قال : [ باسمك اللهم أحيا وأموت ] رواه البخاري
1458. Hudhaifah and Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to supplicate when he went to bed at night: "Bismik-Allahumma ahya wa amut (With Your Name, O Allah, I expire and return to life).''
[Al-Bukhari].
Commentary: Every person sleeps at night and gets up in the morning. Thus, in a way, sleep is death and reawakening is gaining life again. This life and death, like the literal life and death, lie in the Hands of Allah. The prayer cited in this Hadith engraves this concept in mind and when one recalls it every night it remains alive in his mind that "this life is for Allah and I am alive with His Will. Whenever He wills, the light of my life will be extinguished. Therefore, I should spend these few days of life lent to me by Him in accordance with His Will and not in His disobedience''.

1459 - وعن علي رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم قال له ولفاطمة رضي
الله عنها : [ إذا أويتما إلى فراشكما أو إذا أخذتما مضاجعكما فكبرا ثلاثا وثلاثين وسبحا ثلاثا وثلاثين واحمدا ثلاثا وثلاثين ]
وفي رواية : التسبيح أربعا وثلاثين
وفي رواية : التكبير أربعا وثلاثين . متفق عليه
1459. `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to me and to Fatimah (May Allah be pleased with her) (Ali's wife and the Prophet's daughter), "When you go to bed, recite: Takbir (Allahu Akbar) thirty-three times and Tasbih (Subhan-Allah) thirty-three times and Tahmid (Al-hamdu lillah) thirty-three times.''
Another narration is: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Recite Tasbih thirty-four times.''
Another narration is: The Messenger of Allah(PBUH) said, "Recite Takbir thirty-four times.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: It is apparent from the difference in the narrations of this Hadith that the aggregate of the wordings has to be one hundred. For this purpose, one of these invocations should be recited thirty-four times. It will be quite in order if one recites either of the three for thirty-four times because the Ahadith on the subject say this number for any of them. In this connection two Ahadith have been mentioned by Imam An-Nawawi and the reciting of "Al-hamdu lillah'' thirty-four times occurs in An-Nasa'i. This formula of Glorification, Praise and Elevation of Allah's Name is to be recited after every obligatory Salat and before going to bed.

1460 - وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : [ إذا أوى أحدكم إلى فراشه فلينفض فراشه بداخلة إزاره فإنه لا يدري ما خلفه عليه ثم يقول : باسمك ربي وضعت جنبي وبك أرفعه إن أمسكت نفسي فارحمها وإن أرسلتها فاحفظها بما تحفظ به عبادك الصالحين ] متفق عليه
1460. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "When any of you goes to bed, he should shake off (or dust off) his bedsheet because he does not know what might have fallen on it after he had left it. Then he should recite: `Bismika Rabbi wada`tu janbi, wa bika arfa`uhu, in amsakta nafsi farhamha, wa in arsaltaha fahfazha bima tahfazu bihi `ibadakas-salihin [With Your Name, my Rubb, I place my side (upon the bed) and with Your Grace I will raise it up. If You withhold my soul (cause me to die), have mercy on it but if You let it go (let me live), guard it against which You guarded Your pious slaves].'''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith calls our attention to a very important matter that before going to bed, we must shake off our bed-sheet, mattresses, etc., because it is quite possible that some poisonous insect might have passed over it in our absence and the effects left by it may prove harmful to us. One should recite this prayer after shaking off the bed-sheet, mattresses, etc.

1461 - وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم كان إذا أخذ مضجعه نفث في يديه وقرأ بالمعوذات ومسح بهما جسده . متفق عليه
وفي رواية لهما : أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان إذا أوى إلى فراشه كل ليلة جمع كفيه ثم نفث فيهما فقرأ فيهما : { قل هو الله أحد } و { قل أعوذ برب الفلق } و { قل أعوذ برب الناس } ثم مسح بهما ما استطاع من جسده يبدأ بهما على رأسه ووجهه وما أقبل من جسده يفعل ذلك ثلاث مرات . متفق عليه
قال أهل اللغة : [ النفث ] : نفخ لطيف بلا ريق
1461. `A ishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) went to bed, he would blow upon his hands recite Al-Mu`awwidhat; and pass his hands over his body.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: "Al-Mu`awwidhat'' the Surah which give protection) are the three Surah of the Qur'an which have been mentioned in this Hadith. They are so named because the request for granting of protection is made to Allah by means of them. The last two Surah of the Qur'an, that is Surat Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas, are called "Al-Mu`awwidhatain'' which means "Two Surah which give protection''. One must recite these Surah of the Qur'an before going to sleep so that one may, on the one hand, follow the practice of the Prophet (PBUH), and on the other one, finds the Protection of Allah.

1462 - وعن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه قال قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم :
[ إذا أتيت مضجعك فتوضأ وضوءك للصلاة ثم اضطجع على شقك الأيمن وقل : اللهم أسلمت نفسي إليك وفوضت أمري إليك وألجأت ظهري إليك رغبة ورهبة إليك لا ملجأ ولا منجا منك إلا إليك آمنت بكتابك الذي أنزلت وبنبيك الذي أرسلت فإن مت مت على الفطرة واجعلهن آخر ما تقول ] متفق عليه
1462. Al-Bara` bin `Azib (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Whenever you intend to go to bed, perform Wudu' as is done for Salat (prayer); and then lie down on the right side and recite: `Allahumma aslamtu nafsi ilaika, wa fawwadtu amri ilaika, wal-ja'tu zahri ilaika, raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika, la malja'a wa la manja minka illa ilaika, amantu bikitabik-alladhi anzalta, wa binabiyyik-alladhi arsalta [O Allah! I have submitted myself to You. I have turned my face to You, entrusted my affairs to You and relied completely on You out of desire for and fear of You (expecting Your reward and fearing Your punishment). There is no resort and no deliverer from (hardships) except You. I affirm my faith in Your Book which You have revealed, and in Your Prophet whom You have sent].' If you die during the night, you will die in the true religion. Let these words be your last words at night.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith has already been mentioned. See Hadith No. 80. It points out the desirability of performing Wudu' before going to bed and reciting this Du`a which show the genuine worship and complete submission to Allah.]

1463 - وعن أنس رضي الله عنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان إذا أوى إلى فراشه قال : [ الحمد لله الذي أطعمنا وسقانا وكفانا وآوانا فكم ممن لا كافي له ولا مؤوي ] رواه مسلم
1463. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Prophet (PBUH) went to his bed, he would say: "Al-hamdu lillah-illadhi at`amana wa saqana, wa kafana wa awana, fakam mimman la kafiya lahu wa la mu'wiya (Praise is due to Allah Who has fed us, provided us drink, satisfied us and gave us protection. Many are those who have no one to provide for them, or give them shelter).''
[Muslim].
Commentary: This Hadith impresses upon us that Almighty Allah is sufficient for mankind. That is, He saves us from our enemies, gives us sustenance, and provides us facilities of residence and living. Due thanks should be addressed to Him alone.

1464 - وعن حذيفة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم كان إذا أراد أن يرقد وضع يده اليمنى تحت خده ثم يقول : [ اللهم قني عذابك يوم تبعث عبادك ] رواه الترمذي وقال حديث حسن
ورواه أبو داود من رواية حفصة رضي الله عنها وفيه أنه كان يقوله ثلاث مرات
1464. Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) intended to go to sleep, he would place his right hand under his (right) cheek and supplicate: "Allahumma qini `adhabaka yauma tab`athu `ibadaka (O Allah! Guard me against Your punishment on the Day when You will resurrect Your slaves).''
[At-Tirmidhi].
In a narration in Abu Dawud, Hafsah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: Before going to sleep the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) would recite this Du`a three times.
Commentary: This Hadith has a warning that one should never be unmindful of Allah's Wrath. In fact, one should always seek Allah's Protection and do such virtuous deeds which please Him so that one may be saved from the Divine retribution on the Day of Judgement.
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